Brazil Jails Fire Fighters, Accuses NGOs of Starting Fires
2 December 2019
Hey, have you heard the one about the NGOs, the volunteer firefighters
and the movie star who torched the Amazon forest so the government would get
Crazy, right? In normal times this would be the stuff of novelas, Brazil’s beloved soap operas, and everybody would consider it a horrible
Except that Brazilian President Bolsonaro, his Environment Minister
Ricardo Salles (who plans to be with us here at COP25 for the whole two weeks),
and some of their allies in regional police forces and courts, as well as their
massive and suggestible social media following, appear to take it very
seriously. And when a crowd of land-grabbers, ranchers, illegal miners and
loggers considers you an enemy in Brazil, the results can be deadly.
But to explore the dark humor of the story, we have to go back to
Bolsonaro’s election campaign. Then, he promised to “put an end to all kinds
of activism” while stopping the unreasonable persecution of the
aforementioned land-grabbers and illegal miners and other poor hard-working
fellows who just wanted to replace rainforests with soybean and cattle – and
for whom the forest protection laws were a nuisance.
Jump ahead to August, when Bolsonaro fans throughout the Amazon were
gleefully lighting fires to celebrate their good luck. But nowhere more
prolifically than in the Western Para town of Novo Progresso, where members of
a WhatsApp group that included many ranchers and a
police chief (!) planned a “day of fire” to help do away with large swathes of that annoying Amazon rainforest.
Then when the backlash within Brazil and around the world made the
fires an embarrassment and threatened exports of soybean, beef and timber,
President Bolsonaro helpfully suggested he had information that NGOs were
lighting the fires.
This accusation was a big hit in pro-Bolsonaro social media circles,
but was met with widespread ridicule everywhere else.
Cut to Tuesday, November 26, when Brazil woke up to the news that 4
members of a youth fire brigade in the Amazonian town of Alter do ChÃ£o had been arrested, accused of lighting forest fires
to profit from donations to extinguish them. Other NGOs were implicated, and
one highly respected NGO in the same region had their computers and key
documents confiscated by heavily armed policemen.
It seems the local police force, in the same district in the west of
the State of Para as the above mentioned chief of police who participated in
the Day of Fire discussions, had been wire-tapping the fire brigade members for
months. This vast trove yielded some conversations which, taken out of context
and interpreted with a good dose of creativity, seemed to suggest that the
firefighters were predicting when fires would take
place. The police conveniently overlooked the fact that the existence of fires
in the dry season in the Amazon is quite predictable, and laid charges of
They arrested the 4 firefighters at gunpoint, questioned them and
imprisoned them for days, and even made an offer for free haircuts they couldn’t refuse. Meanwhile, it didn’t take long for all reasonable observers, including Brazilian and
international media, to realize this was a baseless accusation.
When the state Governor Helder Barbalho (who will be in Madrid next
week seeking international funds) realised his police force was putting him in
an untenable position, he changed the command of the investigations, and the
firefighters were released the next day. No
evidence to support the charges of setting fires has been produced, and other
ongoing investigations have pointed to land-grabbers and real estate
speculators as the main suspects for the fires.
As late as Friday 29 November, President Bolsonaro and his Congressman
son Eduardo were continuing to promote lies against the firefighters, Brazilian
NGOs, and (we kid you not) actor Leonardo DiCaprio.
It seems clear that no matter what the outcome of the
investigation, Bolsonaro, Salles and their allies will continue to feed their
social media channels with an endless stream of fake news about the case.
Meanwhile, no activist is safe in Brazil anymore. There is reason to
believe the quickly escalating authoritarianism in the country has picked
environmentalists as its newest target, and the crackdown on the firefighters may have been only the first in a long series.
This is no laughing matter.