CAN Intervention - Closing Bonn APA - 26th May, 2016

Thank you, Madame Co-Chair.

My name is Masako Konishi, and I am speaking on behalf of Climate Action Network.

In the afterglow of Paris, it is now time to increase pre-2020 action and support. The 2016 facilitative dialogue, the high-level finance event, the capacity building work program, and the high-level champions are important opportunities we need to use to ramp-up ambition.

Marrakech should also set a clear plan to finalise the transparency framework as a priority so that this will contribute to a more effective 2018 facilitative dialogue and inform updates of INDCs. Parties must agree on how flexibility will be applied in a common framework, and how convergence will ultimately occur. 

COP 22 should also set the path for the 2018 stocktake to result in a global ramping up of currently inadequate efforts to put the world on a 1.5ºC pathway. The modalities for the global stocktake should be prepared as as soon as possible.

Finally, by COP 22, developed countries must present a credible, transparent roadmap towards meeting their 100 billion dollars a year promise, including a specific target for adaptation finance.

Thank you.



CAN Intervention - Closing Bonn SBI - 26th May, 2016

~~Thank you Co-Chairs.

I am Vositha Wijenayake, speaking on behalf of Climate Action Network.

We welcome the constructive recommendations from the gender workshop and look forward to an extension of the Lima Work Programme in Marrakesh based on these recommendations.

We are encouraged by the adoption of the terms of reference of the Paris Committee on Capacity Building. The finalisation of the third comprehensive review at COP 22 would provide clear guidance to the Paris Committee.

We believe that the conclusions adopted in Bonn in relation to access to information, public participation and stakeholder engagement provide a basis for a stronger partnership between civil society and governments. CAN welcomes the conclusions concerning the in-session workshop on observer participation at SB46.

We also look forward to considering practical solutions to ensure that the negotiating process is safeguarded from those whose interest runs against the objectives of the Convention, such as transnational fossil fuel corporations.

Finally,we urge parties to begin a structured expert dialogue (SED) from 2018 to 2022 to support the review and to ensure scientific integrity through a focused exchange of views, information and ideas. The SED should be mandated to draw first conclusions of the IPCC Special Report on 1.5ºC to inform the facilitative dialogue in 2018.

Thank you.


CAN Intervention - Closing Bonn SBSTA - 26th May, 2016

Thank you Mr Co-Chair and distinguished delegates.

My name is Eddy Perez and I am speaking on behalf of Climate Action Network.

The work of SBSTA is critical to moving forward the goals of the Paris Agreement.  Submissions in advance of Marrakech could begin a meaningful dialogue that will lead to productive results in Marrakech.

In the lead up to COP 22, CAN calls on governments to make sure that the momentum to implement the Paris Agreement is maintained by progress in limiting emissions from international transport.

Countries must agree to a strong global market-based measure for mitigating  aviation emissions within ICAO at the 39th Assembly in October that contributes a fair share effort towards meeting the 1.5ºC goal.

For international shipping emissions, the IMO must start a work program on the proposal to define a fair contribution of the international shipping sector to the Paris climate objectives.

On technology, we recognize the cooperative efforts of parties to develop the technology framework.

In developing the modalities for the accounting of financial resources, Parties must come to agreement about what counts as climate finance.

This should include an internationally agreed definition of ‘new and additional’. A clear definition of the information to be supplied for each financing project must also be developed, building upon the IATI (International Aid Transparency Initiative standard).


Thank you.



Experts react as UN climate negotiations close

May 26, Bonn, Germany - Expert observers from Climate Action Network have responded to two weeks of UN climate negotiations as they draw to a close today. Civil society reflected on progress during the session and also on what needs to happen over the coming months, ahead of COP 22 in Marrakesh this November, to swiftly implement the Paris Agreement and boost short-term climate action.

“As Donald Trump takes evasive action to insure his golf course against climate impacts, governments and businesses, with far more at stake than the 18th green, are putting in the hard yards to accelerate the drive for 100% renewable energy, to build prosperous economies for the future.” said Wael Hmaidan, Director at Climate Action Network International

"In Bonn the countries have discussed the need for entry into force in a rapid manner. It is necessary that Parties take action back home to ensure that ratification happens swiftly, and in a manner that facilitates increase of ambition and with rules developed to ensure transparency and accountability of climate actions." said Vositha Wijenayake, Policy and Advocacy Coordinator for Climate Action Network South Asia

"The first week of negotiations post-Paris began with fits and starts. However, Parties managed to agree on an APA agenda and the hope leaving Bonn remains that COP 22 will be the Action COP. However,  because of the inadequacy of ambition in current INDCs, Marrakesh needs to make sure that the path is set for the facilitative dialogue in 2018 in order to ramp up ambition to limit global warming to 1.5°C." said Tina Johnson, Policy Director at US Climate Action Network

"After a slow start, the climate negotiations in Bonn picked up pace this week, and the path to a successful climate summit in Marrakesh this November is clearer than it was two weeks ago.  But there is much work ahead if we are to get the meaningful actions that are needed to start to close the substantial gap between the national commitments now on the table and the much greater level of ambition needed to give us a fighting chance of meeting the temperature limitation goals in the Paris Agreement.  We also need to ramp up support for efforts to help vulnerable countries deal with the mounting impacts of climate change that are ever more evident all over the world.  On both of these fronts, leaders, ministers, and negotiators alike need to summon the political will to back up their strong words in Paris with real action in Marrakesh." said Alden Meyer, Director of Strategy and Policy at Union of Concerned Scientists

"There has been painfully slow progress on key issues at the SB44 session in Bonn making it necessary to hold more meetings before the next Conference of Parties in Morocco. Raising adequate climate finance and carving out necessary rules and modalities to bring the Paris agreement into force must be the highest priority for all negotiators from now to November." said Sanjay Vashist, Director Climate Action Network South Asia

“The G7 Ise-Shima summit held in Japan is a great opportunity to maintain political momentum and accelerate negotiation on the Paris Agreement. However as the only G7 country to promote coal at home and the biggest coal financier internationally, Japan nearly fails to deliver strong message on climate. This looks likely to be remembered as the summit at which Japan missed the chance to capitalise on momentum for change and left it to China to lead the world on renewable energy.” said Kimiko Hirata, International Director at Kiko Network

“During the past two weeks in Bonn, we saw that the Paris spirit is still alive, but the implementation of the new climate deal remains a huge challenge. There has been some progress in helping vulnerable countries and people adapt to the  dangerous impacts of climate change, but more focus must be given to local gender-equitable adaptation plans and programmes. When countries meet at COP22 in Marrakesh, we expect to see a clearer roadmap for scaling up financial support for adaptation, and for addressing unavoidable loss and damage.” said Sven Harmeling, Climate Change Advocacy Coordinator, CARE International

“Marrakesh needs to be seen as the Renewables COP.  It offers an enormous opportunity to shift the conversation from grand political rhetoric to the implementation of short-term concrete actions which will keep the agreed temperature goals of 1.5°C and 2°C within reach. In Marrakesh countries must support the urgent need for more renewable energy in developing countries. There are exciting enterprises like the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative and the Solar Alliance which were launched in Paris and are building on the global need for renewable energy.” said Mohamed Adow, Senior Climate Advisor at Christian Aid

“When countries next meet at COP22 in Marrakech, they need to make serious headway on the rules of the new climate regime and give the necessary teeth to the Paris Agreement. But above all, Marrakech needs to be all about action. Last year’s summit in Paris saw several promising renewable energy initiatives launched and today leaders from three developing country groups, representing over 90 countries, made a strong call for global action on renewable energy in Marrakesh,” said Jens Mattias Clausen, Senior Climate Change Adviser at Greenpeace Nordic.

“This year average global temperatures were more than 1°C higher than before the industrial era – and we have had 7 straight months of record breaking global heat with widespread climate change impacts. As temperatures soar, vulnerable people and ecosystems will have to adapt more drastically and rapidly, but they will also face impacts that go beyond the potential for adaptation. That's why negotiators need to urgently resolve the issue of adaptation and loss and damage to ensure that the necessary support will be delivered to help those that are least responsible but facing the worst consequences.” said Sandeep Chamling Rai, Senior Global Adaptation Expert for WWF International

“Millions of the world’s most vulnerable people are already facing the disastrous impacts of climate change. Yet, adaptation has been short-changed. COP 22 needs to pick up the unfinished business from Paris. At COP 22, developed countries must present a roadmap to show how they will deliver their $100bn a year promise, and adaptation finance must me a core component of this roadmap.” said Armelle Le Comte, Advocacy Officer for Climate and Fossil Fuels at Oxfam France

“Countries’ agreement to a 1.5°C temperature goal at the Paris talks was a step forward but this week’s next round of talks did not see a realistic conversation about what emissions pathways should look like. It’s extremely dangerous to assume that technologies such as bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) can be used to commit to the 1.5°C target and solve the climate problem. We know that such proposed solutions require massive and unfeasible amounts of land that will compete with food in an already hungry world. If we are to stay under the 1.5°C goal we must be brave and address the elephant in the room – how we reduce our out of control consumption in a world with limitations." said Teresa Anderson, Climate Change Policy Officer at ActionAid


Contact: Tierney Smith, GCCA, email:, phone: +447545255955

About CAN: Climate Action Network (CAN) is a global network of over 1100 NGOs working to promote government and individual action to limit human-induced climate change to ecologically sustainable levels. More at: 


The Pre-2020 Opportunities Package

It’s on everybody’s lips and on everybody’s mind: COP22 is going to be the Action COP. The Moroccan presidency will need to do their utmost to start closing the ambition gap with concrete action on mitigation, adaptation and support. ECO invites Parties to join the incoming presidency in its efforts to build on the spirit of Paris.

The 2016 facilitative dialogue, finance high-level event, agreement on a capacity building work program, engagement of the high-level champions, and the high-level event to strengthen cooperative initiatives within the Global Climate Action Agenda can all be harnessed to help drive greater ambition.

The COP22 facilitative dialogue should aim to capture over-achievement by various countries and regional groups on the Cancun pledges, and should explore how NAMAs in the UNFCCC NAMA Registry pipeline could be supported to unlock potential short-term mitigation ambition even before Marrakesh. ECO also calls for developed countries to have a close look at what concrete sectoral commitments they can bring to the table.

At SB44, we saw the first ever technical expert meetings (TEMs) on adaptation, and two TEMs with follow-up dialogues on mitigation. The biggest challenge is converting the TEMs from a knowledge forum to an implementation one, developing a synergistic relationship with the various institutional bodies within UNFCCC and the broader Action Agenda.

ECO warmly welcomes the appointment of Laurence Tubiana and Hakima El Haité as the global high-level champions for pre-2020 climate action. In the next month, both must focus on developing a roadmap, which should lay out strategies to scale up transformative initiatives, and address the barriers to rapid deployment of climate-friendly technologies identified by the TEMs. They must also focus on championing the emerging Action Agenda.

Morocco should work transparently with France, Peru, the Secretariat, and the UNSG’s team to develop the necessary light-touch institutional infrastructure to strengthen the Global Climate Action Agenda. ECO proposes the establishment of a small permanent support team and funding arrangements, with clear links to the on-going UNFCCC technical examination processes for mitigation and adaptation.

There also needs to be an agreed set of criteria to bring initiatives into the Action Agenda. While it’s encouraging to follow the science-based target setting of some progressive business coalitions, it’s maddening to see the continued green-washing and sometimes blatant lying of the laggards (#ExxonKnew). ECO worries that giving the UN stamp of approval to such actors will not only undermine the credibility of the UNFCCC and the Action Agenda, but also put us further away from 1.5°C.

Then there’s the role of non-Party stakeholders. The Action Agenda must be about facilitating, enabling, and amplifying the interplay between states and non-state actors (with the exception, obviously, of those fossil fuel laggards!).

All these intended national actions cannot be scaled-up without the necessary finance. COP22 provides the opportunity for developed countries to finally “put their money where their mouth is,” enabling developing countries to upscale their NDCs. And to think about how they will move innovative sources of finance forward.

Lastly, capacity building will be the key to unlock much of the adaptation and mitigation potential of developing countries in the coming years. At COP22, Parties need to get the Paris Committee on Capacity Building (PCCB) off the ground to address gaps and needs, both current and emerging, to build capacity in developing countries.

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Don’t Let Bonn Lull You

ECO is somewhat concerned that after this week in Bonn, and following on the excitement of 177 countries signing the Paris Agreement last month in New York, delegates are being lulled into a false bonhomie. Much still needs to be done to ensure the Paris Agreement’s timely entry into force and to complete work on the various mechanisms, NDC guidelines, accounting rules, enhanced transparency framework and other key aspects of the Agreement. These issues should be given the careful consideration they need to get it right.

Only 17 states, so far, have deposited their instruments of ratification, and their emissions represent just 0.05% of total emissions. ECO is quietly optimistic that the agreement could enter into force this year or early next, though. The US and China are planning to ratify this year, as are some other countries, and the EU will at least initiate its ratification process before the (northern hemisphere) summer. However, several key countries are yet to signal when their own domestic ratification processes might deliver.

We cannot wait. Countries must ratify the Agreement as soon as possible, and then work diligently to ensure that the objectives are met, by rapidly ramping up their ambition in line with limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C. Climate impacts are already threatening the survival of some states, while damage to ecosystems and societies threaten numerous others. This month, scientists confirmed that five of the Solomon Islands have already disappeared below the waves. Meanwhile, forest fires in Alberta, Canada, continue to burn out of control. Thousands have been evacuated as the combined size of the fires swells to 85,000 hectares. Terrible devastation by heat waves, droughts, floods and landslides is being experienced across South Asia.

Parties, working together with civil society, citizens, mayors, the renewable energy industry and others must grasp this opportunity to ratify the Agreement, enhance ambition and embrace the path toward a cleaner and more resilient future.

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Roadmap to $100bn Must Specify Adaptation Finance

Between now and Marrakech, developed delegates should start reflecting how much adaptation matters to the continent that is going to host COP22. Africa (along with many other countries, to be sure) is already bearing the brunt of climate change: crops are failing, water is diminishing, and lives and livelihoods are under threat from climate change. These mounting impacts are underscoring the frightening lack of adaptive capacity in many developing countries and communities, and the need for donor countries to ramp up financial assistance to enhance adaptation and resilience.

ECO calls for the African COP to pick up this unfinished business from Paris. Mark a turning point in adaptation finance. As developed countries get serious (finally!) about drafting a roadmap on how they will meet their $100-billion-a-year promise, they should explicitly spell out to what extent they will significantly increase annual adaptation finance by 2020. It’s not that hard. The GCF managed to do it. They set a goal to allocate 50% of their resources to adaptation. Surely developed countries can set a similar target for adaptation finance.

What’s needed at COP22 is not window dressing, but a real change increasing adaptation assistance to developing countries. This doesn’t mean shifting around existing aid budgets. It means new sources of public finance are put in place.

Just a number is not enough. We must also develop scenarios on how to ensure increased adaptation finance reaches the most vulnerable communities, people and populations, looking specifically at the needs of LDCs, SIDS, Africa and other highly vulnerable countries with low capacity. The roadmap should empower recipient countries in using climate finance by dedicating significant investment in readiness, capacity building and direct access models.

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It’s the Transparency, Stupid!*

The goal of strengthening transparency systems is not a new one; it’s been on the table since COP16 in Cancun, and work has been ongoing since then. The enhanced transparency framework is at the heart of delivering the Paris Agreement and achieving the level of ambition consistent with keeping warming to less than 1.5°C. Transparency is equally applicable to both action and support, and enhanced reporting of climate finance should be seen as an opportunity to win more ambition on finance, by clarifying what exactly is counted.

Completing negotiation of the rules for the enhanced transparency framework for action and support established in the Paris Agreement by COP23 in 2017 would contribute to a more effective 2018 facilitative dialogue, inform countries’ updating of INDCs, and help facilitate the more detailed discussions on NDCs and accounting guidance.

The guiding questions from the APA co-chairs on transparency give us a good start. To make real progress on the transparency discussions, Parties need to agree on a work programme from Bonn aimed at delivering clarity on just what “built-in flexibility” means, and how this might co-exist with a “common framework”. We also need to reach a shared understanding of what is meant by “converging over time” to give a sense of direction and progression, while ensuring flexibility in modalities, procedures and guidance for countries with lower capacity.

*Dear reader, ECO of course does not think you are stupid, but is simply paraphrasing Bill Clinton.

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