Tag: Technology

Discussion Paper: Options for Integrating Climate Change Considerations Into the Post-2015 Development Framework

April 2014;

Author: Bernadette Fischler, CAFOD. With contributions from: Rachel Garthwaite, Save the Children, Ruth Fuller and Dominic White, WWF UK, Sven Harmeling and Kit Vaughan, CARE, Sarah Wykes, Graham Gordon and Neva Frecheville, CAFOD, Lis Wallace, Progressio. (Supported by CAN and Beyond2015 but not an official position)

 

 INTRODUCTION 

At the 2012 Rio+20 conference all countries agreed that climate change is a major obstacle to sustainable development and poverty eradication. This is supported by the experience of people living in poverty and vulnerability and major UN reports feeding into post-2015.3 Science further underlines the immediate need for action in all areas, including international development. The urgency for action is underpinned by climate science and the window of opportunity for avoiding dangerous climate change is rapidly closing. Even a 2˚C world will undermine development gains and make attaining post-2015 objectives more difficult. The post-2015 framework must help to make climate action in all countries happen without further delay and must support poor people to respond to climate impacts they are experiencing already. 

The purpose of this paper is to describe different options for including climate change in the post-2015 framework, and to facilitate a more informed and constructive debate by providing suggestions for possible target areas. A series of approaches to addressing climate change are discussed, including a "light touch‟ or narrative-only approach in option 0; mainstreaming climate change targets to make all relevant goals "climate-smart‟ in option 1; and three potential options for a ‟stand-alone‟ climate goal in options 2-4. 

None of these approaches are mutually exclusive. A truly committed post-2015 development framework would do all of these things. However, recognising the political nature of this process, we highlight the benefits and trade-offs associated with each to help informed decision-making. 

This paper builds on two papers presented during a workshop in October in London and the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (OWG on SDGs) meeting in November 2013. They have been put together by a group of development and environment organisations with the support of Beyond 2015 and CAN-International, two major global NGO networks involved in this agenda. 

 

Technology: A Good News Story

Yesterday UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner declared with much relish that the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) will begin to accept requests from developing countries for support for technology transfer on December 9. The full operationalization of the Technology Mechanism now emerges as the good news story of COP 19.

But the question arises: does the submission of requests from developing countries make the Technology Mechanism truly fully operational? For those who can’t stand the suspense, here are some suggested enhancements.

Global Technology Action Plan: How will the TEC know that it has dug deep enough and focused on the right technologies? A Global Technology Action Plan (TAP) platform should be developed and implemented by 2015. It could offer portfolios of optimized plans and help assess technology choices and enablers. The platform would, in effect, translate emissions pathway scenarios into corresponding Technology Action Plans that countries could choose to implement.

Technology Assessment: The terms of reference of the TM describes the transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs), but it fails to describe exactly what “environmentally sound” means. This should not include radical and potentially dangerous solutions like extreme genetic engineering, massive biomass burning and carbon capture, or geoengineering technologies that are potentially threatening to the planet.

Funding: Initial pledges by developed countries to the CTCN are at a relatively healthy US $22 million. The problem is this: these are voluntary, one-time  pledges. Without predictable and adequate public funding, the CTCN cannot do the long-term planning clearly needed to address the climate crisis, and the technology vision will be out of reach.

The final bit of good news is that the TM will now start focusing on implementation – that will generate excitement and more confidence in the process. But let’s not stop there. Let’s go forward with the enhancements that will make the TM a key facilitator of action on climate change.

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Related Newsletter : 

CAN Intervention in the COP19 SBSTA Opening Plenary by Sixbert Mwanga, 11 November, 2013

Thank you, Chair.   I am Sixbert Mwanga, speaking for Climate Action Network.

In our view the difference between achieving or overshooting our climate temperature goal hinges on rapidly reducing emissions globally and, in turn, on a global deployment of environmentally and socially-sound low carbon technologies.  

Given the dauntingly limited emissions headroom described by the IPCC's emissions pathways and the worsening impacts of climate change already being experienced globally, we urgently need to leverage global technology cooperation to deploy technologies and know-how that limit emissions and provide resilience to locked-in warming. 

We can help accomplish this by mandating an adequately, reliably and publically funded Technology Mechanism to:

1.    Build a knowledge base and facilitate sharing of technologies and expertise that directly helps technology implementation in developing countries and,

2.    Undertake the building of two tools: (1) A strategic tool, addressing all countries and informed by the existing processes such as NAMAs, NAPs, and Low Carbon Development Strategies, that will track and surface appropriate technologies along with best practices to optimize their use and; (2) An implementing platform that can help streamline the process for developing countries by providing a portfolio of optimized Technology Action Plans for a variety of national circumstances.

Thank you. 

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