Tag: Agenda 2030

CAN Position: Energy and the Post-2015 Development Agenda

~~Any Energy SDG should recognize that access to sustainable, affordable, safe and reliable energy is a pre-condition for eradicating poverty and sustainable development.
To achieve sustainable development, the post-2015 framework must leverage the shift away from fossil fuels and nuclear to zero carbon renewable and climate resilient energy systems. This includes transforming fossil fuel subsidies, with protection for poor and vulnerable groups, to finance new renewable and energy efficiency usages while also providing adequate support and technology transfer to poorer countries.
Both a dedicated sustainable energy goal and integration of energy-related targets across the framework to capture its impact on many development areas are required.

An Energy SDG should include the following targets:
1. Universal access to sustainable, affordable, safe and reliable energy for household, community and productive services.
2. More than double the share of renewables in the global energy mix (to at least 45%)
3. Substantially grow annual energy intensity improvements globally (to 4.5%).


Post-2015 CAN reaction document OWG13

CAN welcomes the efforts of the Members of the Open Working Group on SDGs to provide a coherent and comprehensive list of goals and targets in their report to the UN General Assembly. In advance of the next OWG session we would like to offer comments and suggestions on behalf of CAN to support the process and provide constructive input.


From Bonn to New York

As we wrap up in Bonn, New York is preparing to host an equally important process, the penultimate session of the Open Working Group (OWG) on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

ECO’s done its homework and can tell you that the linkage between climate change, poverty eradication and sustainable development makes it clear that the post-2015 sustainable development framework will fail if climate change is not adequately addressed within it.

In an open letter, more than 170 civil society organisations and networks, from over 50 developed and developing countries, have called for the “framework to address climate change in a manner that recognises the urgency and importance of dealing with the most fundamental challenge of our time”.

They call for a separate, stand-alone climate change goal, and for climate elements to be included in other relevant goals: “A robust framework of this nature will help to support the scale of ambition needed to achieve the UNFCCC’s aims and help to ensure the delivery of a strong climate deal at COP21 in Paris in 2015”.

ECO expects negotiators in New York to take note: strong and ambitious climate goals need to be part of the SDGs.

Related Newsletter : 

Open Letter: Supporting a strong and visible representation of climate change in the SDGs

To: Co-chairs and members of the Open Working Group (OWG) on SDGs

Cc: Amina J. Mohammed, Special Adviser on post-2015 to the UN Secretary General

Supporting a strong and visible representation of climate change in the SDGs 

12 June 2014

Your Excellencies,

Dear Members of the OWG on SDGs,

We are writing to thank you for your ongoing efforts to ensure that climate change is appropriately reflected in the latest version of the focus area document.

We believe that climate change is an existential threat to humankind and global efforts to overcome poverty and achieve sustainable development. Therefore, we also believe that climate change must be visibly reflected in the future Sustainable Development Goal framework.

A SDG framework without climate change action as a strong backbone would not be sustainable or credible, nor would it help to lay the foundations for future international action and cooperation on sustainable development and poverty eradication. Therefore, the framework must address climate change in a manner that recognises the urgency and importance of dealing with the most fundamental challenge of our time. This includes targets under relevant goals as well as a separate climate change goal.

Ahead of the next two meetings of the Open Working Group, we are asking for your continued commitment to maintain and increase the visibility of climate change in the suggested goals and targets, especially as difficult choices (and necessary sacrifices) clearly lie ahead as the overall number of goals and targets are reduced.

Specifically, the post-2015 development framework must contain a coherent set of goals and targets which

  1. support the achievement of poverty eradication and sustainable development
  2. promote human rights and build community resilience through adaptation to the harmful impacts of climate change, and
  3. contribute to a global low-carbon development pathway and to keeping global warming below dangerous levels through significant emissions reductions,

We believe that a robust framework of this nature will help to support the scale of ambition needed to achieve the UNFCCC’s aims and help to ensure the delivery of a strong climate deal at COP21 in Paris in 2015.

Yours sincerely



 1 Abibiman Foundation Ghana

 2 Abiodun Adebayo Welfare Foundation Nigeria

 3 Aboriginal Rights Coalition -Australia Australia

 4 ACT alliance International

 5 African Union Youth Volunteer Corps & Youth Assembly Kenya


African Women’s Network for Community Management of

Forests (REFACOF) Cameroon

 7 Alian.a de Batistas do Brasil Brazil


Alianza Nicaraguense ante el Cambio Clim.tico - ANACC -

Focal.a Nacional ante VdS Nicaragua

 9 Alianza para un Mundo Verde Nicaragua

 10 All India Women's Conference India


Anglican EcoCare Commission, Anglican Church Diocese of

Perth Australia

 12 Anti corruption coalition Uganda Uganda

 13 APEDDUB Tunisia

 14 Armenian Women for Health and Healthy Environment Argentina

 15 Ashoka Sahel Senegal

 16 Asociacion Nochari Nicaragua


Asociacion Raxch'och Oxlaju Aj (AROAJ) Tierra Verde 13

AJ /Green Land 13 AJ Guatemala

 18 Associa..o de Defesa do Patrim.nio de M.rtola Portugal

 19 Associa..o de Semin.rios Teol.gicos - ASTE Brazil


Association des Femmes Peules Autochtones du Tchad

(AFPAT) Chad

 21 Association For Sustainable Human Development Armenia


 22 Baltic Environmental Forum Lithuania Lithuania


Better Education for all befa foundation Pakistan .Literate

Pakistan Programme Pakistan

 24 Beyond Copenhagen Collective India

 25 BLEJAN, Ecological, Social, business support NGO Armenia

 26 Brot für die Welt Germany

 27 Buryat Regional Organization on Lake Baikal Russia


 28 CAN West Africa

 29 Canadian Council for International Co-operation Canada

 30 CARE International International

 31 Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)

 32 Center for Participatory Research and Development-CPRD Bangladesh

 33 Center for Women, the Earth, the Divine (C:WED)

 34 Cento de Estudos B.blicos - CEBI Brazil

1 Coordination contact: Sven Harmeling, sharmeling@careclimatechange.org


Centre for Community Economics and Development

Consultants Society (CECOEDECON) India

 36 Centre for Human Rights and Climate Change Research Nigeria

 37 Centro Alexander von Humboldt Nicaragua


Centro Ecum.nico de Evangeliza..o, capacita..o e

Assessoria - CECA Brazil


Centro Ecum.nico de Servi.o . Evangeliza..o e Educa..o

Popular - CESEEP Brazil

 40 CHIPUA Tanzania

 41 Christian Aid International

 42 Churches Action in Relief and Development Malawi

 43 CIDSE International

 44 Citizens for Public Justice Canada

 45 Civil Society Network on Climate Change in Liberia Liberia

 46 Clean Energy Nepal Nepal


Climate Action Network Canada - R.seau action climat

Canada Canada

 48 Climate Action Network Eastern Africa (CAN-EA) Uganda

 49 Climate Action Network Europe (CAN-E) Europe

 50 Climate Action Network Uganda (CAN-U) Uganda

 51 Climate Change Network Nigeria Nigeria


Coalicion de los Pueblos por la Soberania Alimentaria

Capitulo Guatemala Guatemala

 53 Comiss.o Ecum.nica de Combate ao Racismo - CENACORA Brazil

 54 Comiss.o Ecum.nica dos Direitos da Terra - CEDITER Brazil

 55 Community Initiatives for Development in Pakistan-CIDP Pakistan

 56 Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd International

 57 Conselho Latino-americano de Igrejas do Brasil – CLAI Brasil Brazil

 58 Conselho Nacional de Igrejas Crist.s do Brasil – CONIC Brazil

 59 Coordenadoria Ecum.nica de Servi.o – CESE Brazil


 60 Dayemi Foundation Bangladesh

 61 Dia Mundial de Ora..o Brazil

 62 DIACONIA Brazil

 63 Diakonia Sweden / International


 64 Earth Day Network International

 65 Ecological Christian Organisation (ECO) Uganda

 66 ENDA Tiers Monde Senegal

 67 Environic Foundation International USA

 68 Environmental Alert Uganda

 70 Envi Sudan Sudan

 71 Equidad de G.nero: Ciudadan.a, Trabajo y Familia Mexico


 72 Feminist Task Force Global


FIELD - Foundation for International Environmental Law &

Development UK

 74 Finnish NGDO Platform to the EU, Kehys Finland

 75 For Our Grandchildren (4RG) Canada

 76 Forest Peoples Programme UK

 77 FoRS - Czech Forum for Development Co-operation Czech Republic

 78 Foundation to support civil initiatives (Dastgirie-Center) Tajikistan

 79 Funda..o Gon.alo da Silveira Portugal

 80 Funda..o Luterana de Diaconia - FLD Brazil

 81 Fundacion Fe y Comunidad. Venezuela

 82 Fundaci.n Hondure.a de Amiente y Desarrollo Vida Honduras

 83 Fundacion POPOL NA Nicaragua


 84 Gender and Water Alliance Internationaal

 85 Germanwatch Germany


Global Campaign Agianst Poverty and Hunger in Liberia

(GCAPH-Liberia) Liberia

 87 Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

 88 Grassrooots CSOs Network of Liberia Liberia

 89 Green Alliance Belarus

 90 Green13 Canada

 91 Guinee Ecologie Guinea


 92 Heinrich Boell Foundation North America USA

 93 Help and Development Organization Pakistan


 94 IBIS Denmark

 95 IBON International Philippines/Global

 96 Igreja Cat.lica Apost.lica Romana Brazil

 97 Igreja Episcopal Anglicana do Brasil Brazil

 98 Igreja Evang.lica de Confiss.o Luterana no Brasil Brazil

 99 Igreja Presbiteriana Independente do Brasil Brazil

 100 Igreja Presbiteriana Unida do Brasil Brazil

 101 Igreja Sirian Ortodoxa de Antioquia Brazil

 102 InspirAction Spain

 103 Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) Indonesia

 104 International Alliance of Women international

 105 International Public organisation "Ecoproject "Partnership" Belarus

 106 Irthlingz Arts-Based Environmental Education 501(c)(3) United States


 107 Janathakshan Sri Lanka

 108 Just Earth Canada


Justice, Development and Peace Commission, Ijebu Ode,

Nigeria Nigeria


 110 klima-allianz deutschland Germany

 111 KOINONIA – Presen.a Ecum.nica e Servi.o Brazil


 112 Labour,Health and Human Rights Development Centre Argentina


Leadership for Environment and Development Southern

and Eastern Africa Malawi

 114 Leigos para o Desenvolvimento Portugal


Liberia Youth Initiative for Peace and Sustainable

Development, LYIPSUD Liberia

 116 Loretto Community United States


 117 Manos Unidas Spain

 118 Mesa Nacional para la Gesti.n de Riesgo - Nicaragua Nicaragua

 119 Motivation Charitable Trust UK

 120 Multi Stakeholder Forestry Program (MSFP) Nepal (South Asia)


 121 National Ecological Centre of Ukraine Ukraine


National Non-Governmental Development Cooperation

Organisations' Platform (NGDO Platform) Lithuania

 123 National Toxics Network Australasian region

 124 Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)

United States /



New Space for Patnership from Development in Central

African Central African Republic


Niger Delta Women's movement for Peace and

Development Nigeria

 127 Norwegian Church Aid Norway


 128 Ohaha Family foundation Nigeria

 129 Oikos - Coopera..o e Desenvolvimento Portugal

 130 ONG Carbone Guin.e Guinea

 131 Oxfam International International


 132 P3 Foundation New Zealand

 133 PAIRVI India

 134 Peoples Movement on Climate Change Philippines (but global)

 135 Peruvian American Medical Society Peru

 136 Plant-for-the-Planet Foundation

 137 Polish Climate Coalition Poland

 138 Popolation and Climate Change Africa Forum (PACCAF) International

 139 Population Matters UK

 140 Programa de Forma..o e Educa..o Comunit.ria – PROFEC Brazil

 141 psicodiferentes Argentina


 142 Quercus -National Association for Nature Conservation Portugal


 143 Ramfa(Rehomfa) youth track welfare Org India

 144 RED Educacion Popular entre Mujeres (REPEM)

 145 Rede Ecum.nica da Juventude – REJU Brazil

 146 Regional NGO "Sailing Academy" Russia

 147 Republican Centre for Children and Youth GUTTA-CLUB Moldova


Reseau Action Climat-france/ Reseau Climat &

Developpement France

 149 Rwanda Environmental Conservation Organisation ( RECOR) Rwanda


 150 Save the Children International

 151 SIDS Youth AIMS Hub Mauritius

 152 Society of Catholic Medical Missionaries USA


Sudanese Network for Environment and Development

(SNED) Sudan


Support for Women in Agriculture and Environment

(SWAGEN) Uganda


Sustainable Development Initiatives - DVI (VšĮ "DVI Darnaus

vystymo inciciatyvos") Lithuania

 156 SustainUS: U.S. Youth for Sustainable Development United States


Suswatch (Observatorio de la Sostenibilidad) - Focal.a

Nicaragua Nicaragua


 158 Telus planet Canada

 159 Temple of Understanding

 160 TESE Engeeniars Without Borders Portugal


 161 Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development Uganda

 162 Ukrainian youth climate association Ukraine

 163 Union of Concerned Scientists USA


United Nations Association Southern NY State Division

Energy Project United States

 165 Universidade Popular - UNIPOP Brazil




 167 Wake-Up Call Sweden / International

 168 WECF International International

 169 Welthungerhilfe Germany

Wetlands International International

 170 Women for Peace and Ecology, Germany Germany


Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture & Natural

Resource Management International

 172 Women's Environment and Development Organization International

 173 World Aquarium / Conservation for the Oceans Foundation United States

 174 World Council of Churches International

 175 Worldview Mission International


 176 Zambia Climate Change Network Zambia

 177 ZCO-ECOLO Benin


Comments from CAN on Proposed Goals and Targets on Sustainable Development for the Post2015 Development Agenda

CAN welcomes the efforts of the Members of the Open Working Group on SDGs to provide a coherent and comprehensive list of goals and targets in their report to the UN General Assembly. In advance of the next OWG session we would like to offer comments and suggestions on behalf of CAN to support the process and provide constructive input. 

For CAN, the key points for the SDGs are:

  • CAN is convinced that the Sustainable Development (SDGs) frameworks should include a goal on addressing climate change   as well as mainstreaming climate action across all other relevant goals. Only then will action on climate change get the visibility that it deserves due to its importance, relevance and urgency.     
  • CAN further believes that bringing the post‐2015 development process and the UNFCCC process into alignment can help deliver the scale of ambitions needed to achieve the aims of both processes, namely preventing dangerous anthropogenic climate change whilst eradication poverty and achieving sustainable development. 
  • For CAN climate action climate action in this context means that all countries, respective to their differentiated responsibilities and capacities, ensure the transition to low/zero carbon development, build adaptive capacities and resilience to environmental shocks and stresses, especially of poor and vulnerable communities. 


Poverty eradication is the greatest global challenge facing the world today and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. We are therefore committed to freeing humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency.

We recognize that poverty eradication, changing unsustainable and promoting sustainable patterns of consumption and production and protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development are the overarching objectives of and essential requirements for sustainable development.

We reaffirm our commitment to fully implement the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg Plan of Implementation) and the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (Barbados Programme of Action) and the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. We also reaffirm our commitment to the full implementation of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2011-2020 (Istanbul Programme of Action), the Almaty Programme of Action: Addressing the Needs of Landlocked Developing Countries within a New Global Framework for Transit Transport Cooperation for Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries, the political declaration on Africa’s development needs, and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development. 

We reiterate our commitment to the achievement of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity, and call for urgent actions that effectively reduce the rate of, halt and reverse the loss of biodiversity. In this context, we affirm the importance of implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and achieving the Aichi Targets adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention at its Tenth meeting. (The future we want, para 198)

We reaffirm that we continue to be guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, with full respect for international law and its principles. We further reaffirm the importance of freedom, peace and security, respect for all human rights, including the right to development and the right to an adequate standard of living, including the right to food, the rule of law, good governance, gender equality, women’s empowerment and the overall commitment to just and democratic societies for development. We reaffirm the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other international instruments relating to human rights and international law.

We reaffirm that climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time, and we express profound alarm that emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise globally.[…] In this regard we emphasize that adaptation to climate change represents an immediate and urgent global priority. (The future we want, para 190)

We underscore that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, with a view to accelerating the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions. (The future we want, para 191) 

We recognize that people are at the centre of sustainable development and, in this regard, we strive for a world that is just, equitable and inclusive, and we commit to work together to promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development and environmental protection and thereby to benefit all.

We affirm that there are different approaches, visions, models and tools available to each country, in accordance with its national circumstances and priorities, to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions.

We recognize that each country faces specific challenges to achieve sustainable development, and we underscore the special challenges facing the most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, as well as the specific challenges facing the middle-income countries. Countries in situations of conflict also need special attention.

We reaffirm all the principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, including, inter alia, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, as set out in principle 7 thereof.

We reaffirm our commitment to strengthen international cooperation to address the persistent challenges related to sustainable development for all, in particular in developing countries. Sustainable development can only be achieved with a broad alliance of people, governments, civil society and the private sector, all working together to secure the future we want for present and future generations.

We reaffirm that the means of implementation identified in Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, the Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development and the Doha Declaration on Financing for Development are indispensable for achieving the full and effective translation of sustainable development commitments into tangible sustainable development outcomes. We reiterate that each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development and that the role of national policies, domestic resources and development strategies cannot be overemphasized. We reaffirm that developing countries need additional resources for sustainable development. We recognize the need for significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources and the effective use of financing, in order to promote sustainable development. We acknowledge that good governance and the rule of law at the national and international levels are essential for sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth, sustainable development and the eradication of poverty and hunger.

Sustainable Development Goals are accompanied by targets and will be further elaborated through indicators focused on measurable outcomes. They are action oriented, global in nature and universally applicable to all countries, while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities. They integrate economic, social and environmental aspects and recognize their interlinkages in achieving sustainable development in all its dimensions.


List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030

  1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  2. End hunger, achieve food security and adequate nutrition for all, and promote sustainable agriculture
  3. Attain healthy life for all at all ages
  4. Provide equitable and inclusive quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all
  5. Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere 
  6. Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world
  7. Ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and reliable modern energy services for all
  8. Promote strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and decent work for all
  9. Promote sustainable industrialization
  10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
  11. Build inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and human settlements
  12. Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns
  13. Promote actions at all levels to address climate change
  14. Attain conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas
  15. Protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems and halt all biodiversity loss 
  16. Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions
  17. Strengthen and enhance the means of implementation and global partnership for sustainable development



CAN and Beyond2015 Intervention during the OWG-11 on SDGs, 8 May, 2014

Dear Mr. Chair,

I am Lina Dabbagh and I am speaking on behalf of Climate Action Network and Beyond 2015.

We are united on the need to keep a dedicated climate change goal in a Post-2015 development framework. During the past days we have come here together in New York to try and frame a future for universal sustainable development that eradicates poverty. At this point, we have heard about poverty eradication, on how to promote sustainable agriculture, food security, health and economic growth, but as the OWG have heard from previous contributors in this process, all our efforts to achieve sustainable development and poverty eradication in the long term are nothing without addressing climate change.

CAN and Beyond 2015 welcome the “Working Document for OWG-11” , it is positive to see that climate change retains the level of visibility required and that several focus areas include targets contributing to climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience, including food and agriculture, cities, and energy. We cannot imagine a sustainable development framework guiding the international community for the coming 15 years that does not explicitly highlight climate change as a defining existential development issue and the threat multiplier of our time.  Without a strong focus on climate change, any future development framework will not be sustainable.

Addressing climate change is a prerequisite to ending poverty and its urgency and importance is best reflected by having a goal and integration throughout.  

Also having a dedicated goal on climate change in the new development agenda sends a positive political signal that climate change is a major development issue affecting poverty eradication and underpins the imperative for a positive level of ambition shown at the Conference of the Parties in Paris.

In the general assembly report “The future we want”, Countries acknowledged the centrality of climate change, to the development agenda reaffirming ‘that climate change is a cross-cutting and persistent crisis’ and ‘the scale and gravity of the negative impacts of climate change affect all countries and undermine the ability of all countries, in particular, developing countries, to achieve sustainable development [...] and threaten the viability and survival of nations’.

Member States need to address this centrality by including a dedicated climate change goal, as well as mainstreaming climate action across all other relevant goals. This applies in particular to goals related to economic growth or industrialization. Inclusive and sustainable growth must ensure shared prosperity for all while remaining within the safe ecological limits of our planet.

CAN and Beyond 2015 further believe that the post‐2015 development process and the UNFCCC process are complementary to each other and should  capitalize on their potential mutual benefits in order to ensure the two processes strengthen each other.

Developing a coherent set of goals that reduce emissions and enable adaptation will support the scale of ambition needed to achieve the aims of both processes, namely preventing dangerous anthropogenic climate change, eradicating extreme poverty and achieving sustainable development.

Mr. Chair - not adequately addressing climate change will make it very hard for many civil society constituencies to indorse the post-2015 Sustainable Development Framework.

Thank you Mr. Chair






Doubling Climate Ambition - How the Post 2015 and UNFCCC processes complement each other.

April 2014:

There is growing global recognition that climate change is a critical development challenge and one of the most important issues that could undermine sustainable development and poverty eradication if not properly addressed. Furthermore, choosing sustainable development pathways will in turn lead to action on climate change so both must be considered together. 


CAN Position: Climate Change and the Post-2015 Development Agenda, April 2014


Key Points

Climate Action Network (CAN) thinks that the Sustainable Development (SDGs) frameworks should include a goal on addressing climate change as well as mainstreaming climate action across all other relevant goals. Only then will action on climate change get the visibility that it deserves due to its importance, relevance and urgency.

CAN further believes that bringing the post-2015 development process and the UNFCCC process into alignment can help deliver the scale of ambitions needed to achieve the aims of both processes, namely preventing dangerous anthropogenic climate change whilst eradicating poverty, and achieving sustainable development.

For CAN, climate action in this context means that all countries, respective to their differentiated responsibilities and capabilities, ensure the transition to low/zero-carbon development with a view to phase out net greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, build adaptive capacities and resilience to environmental shocks and stresses, especially of poor and vulnerable communities.

BACKGROUND: Two processes, one important year

2015 is an important year: it is the year in which intergovernmental negotiators will agree the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as priorities of the next international development framework, as well as a new, global, legally-binding climate agreement. There is much at stake as together these two agreements will shape the future of the planet and all who live on it, for generations to come.

Politically, the post-2015 and UNFCCC process are discrete processes; however, the decisions taken within one will have critical implications for the other. The agreement reached under the UNFCCC will, for example, influence whether post-2015 development will be implemented in a two, three, four (or more) degree world, and the SDGs will influence not only how resilient and well adapted to the effects of climate change poor and vulnerable communities will be, but also the pace and carbon intensity of development in all countries.

Countries acknowledged the centrality of climate change to the post-2015 development agenda reaffirming ‘that climate change is a cross-cutting and persistent crisis’ and ‘the scale and gravity of the negative impacts of climate change affect all countries and undermine the ability of all countries, in particular, developing countries, to achieve sustainable development [...] and threaten the viability and survival of nations. Therefore [countries] underscore that combating climate change requires urgent and ambitious action’.


Discussion on Questions related to the Third session of the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing (ICESDF), 12 March 2014

This is not an official submission, but more of discussion paper based on the questions posed to stakeholders by the committee before its third sesssion and the multistakeholder dialogue.

1. Does the effectiveness and sustainability of a sustainable development financing strategy depend on systemic reforms of the international financial architecture? If so, which reforms are needed?

Sustainable development finance needs to address inequalities both between and inside countries. It must also secure global public goods, such as clean air and water, as well as climate change mitigation, adaption, and protecting biodiversity.

Currently, the financial sector's incentive structures favor short-termism, excessive and often societally harmful speculation, and a disregard for the long-term viability of the real economy and our natural surroundings. The underpricing of environmental assets, risks and externalities has enabled the GDP to grow, but it has also led to us as humanity using up the natural base of our wellbeing. The increasing financialisation of natural goods that has mobilised significant amounts of capital to commodities sectors has thus far only accelerated unsustainable practices.

Several things must change:

  • Negative externalities must be priced according to their real-life impacts and the most unsustainable practices must be outright banned. Positive externalities must be given more weight when valuing returns.
  • Incentive structures must consider the long-term impacts of investment decisions.
  • Rules must be changed so that alongside a narrow "fiduciary duty" towards shareholders, corporations' operations are assessed in light of their broader impacts.
  • Countries must be given the right to regulate capital flows when there is a clear social or environmental benefit to doing so, and to change unsustainable laws without fear of multi-billion dollar dispute settlements.
  • International financial institutions have in many places been the drivers of the present unsustainable financial practices and the ideology behind them: they must now be at the forefront of sustainable finance. The mandate of IFIs and national DFIs should be revised so as to put sustainability first - even if this means foregoing short-term financial returns. 


Side Event Report: Risks and opportunities of different scenarios for integrating climate change into post-2015

Side Event Report: Risks and opportunities of different scenarios for integrating climate change into post-2015
Hosted by: CAFOD, CAN International, Beyond2015, UN Millennium Campaign
9 January, 2014

French Development Minister—lead UNFCCC negotiator, Pascal Canfin
·      Top priority of the French now because hosting COP21 in Paris in 2015

·      Want to set a positive mood for success in Paris on climate

·      Don’t want to export all the problems and obstacles that are still unsolved in the COP process to the SDG discussion—otherwise counterproductive

·      Discussing SDGs and a new development pattern without discussing climate change is nonsense a

·      At the beginning of the century for the World Bank climate change wasn’t an issue—the issue was how to fight poverty and climate change was out of the scope.  Now they launched a report and 4 degree warming – main threats on food security and other issues is climate change

·      2 dangers in the process-the first is to duplicate and export the UNFCCC problems

·      second danger is to forget about climate in the SDGs

·      Do we want an SDG on climate? French view—the only agreement that we have on climate so far is to keep global warming under 2 degree warming.  If we are able to take this on board and not to open how to make this happen, why not have an objective on climate?

·      If we have a proper objective on climate, which is 2 degree target, there will be targets and indicators on which there is no agreement.  If we go down this line, we are going to export the issues of the UNFCCC

·      The best option: the climate objective of 2 degree in the broad vision of the whole purpose of the SDG process and to see taking this into account what odes it mean to have a world of below 2 degrees warming in terms of transportation, agriculture, urbanization, etc—using the SDG process that gives substance to things outside of the COP process.  Using the complementarity of the process more than the overlapping areas

·      SDG process objective by objective would focus on how to implement the 2 degree objective in terms of cities, agriculture, transportation, energy etc

Ronald Jumeau, Climate change Amb to Seychelles

·      Cannot be a successful post-2015 agenda and set of SDGs without successfully tackling climate change

·      A weak climate agreement in 2015 will cripple if not doom attempts to have a truly effective post-2015 framework

·      The SDGs and agenda won’t mean a thing if the SIDS aren’t even around to benefit from them or achieve them

·      There cannot be sustainable development without survival and there can’t be survival without tackling climate change

·      How do we do this without being accused of encroaching on the UNFCCC negotiations?

·      It’s understandable for the people in the post-2015 process to be wary of how climate change can be included in the agenda because of the UNFCCC political issues

·      AOSIS feels that they can’t place all the hopes in the formal negotiations as of now—informal alliance with LDCs on this.  So the climate agreement in 2015 won’t be ambitious enough so there has to be some thinking outside the silos

·      Climate change conference in Durban – approached negotiating partners outside of the formal negotiations to see what countries can do before 2020 to increase mitigation ambition and take urgent and effective action outside of the negotiations themselves? To increase what countries are already doing?

·      No formal obligation to adopt negotiation pledges there already exists a range of policies and technologies that countries are using cost-effectively to reduce emissions – many actions have benefits for adaptation, reducing pollution, fiscal stability and competitiveness etc.  If we can scale up these actions it can help increase ambition in the negotiations

·      Can’t you translate these actions into the formal agreements?

·      Energy—large emissions from fossil fuels –every country in the world seems to have embarked on or a plan/strategy for renewable energy as part of national and collective actions to tackle climate change.

·      Found a willingness with negotiating partners to see how countries can help each other enhance and replicate what countries are already doing or willing to do in transportation, energy, buildings etc

·      We are not waiting for a climate agreement to take action, we are acting now but we need help doing it (MOI). So if we tackle these MOI issues now, it will help the negotiations later. 

·      Would bring in civil society/academia/private and public sector—opens a door for governors and mayors

·      Danger of bringing in the attitudes from the other negotiations into the post-2015 process, but even major emitters which are reluctant to make or increase commitments under the formal process, even they wanted to talk about this.

·      Warsaw decided to accelerate this initiative by launching a technical process on how this could be done. In the UNFCCC process—they are looking at it from a sustainable development angle.

·      Not a question of if it should be done but it should be done.  But how do we do it? Based on AOSIS’ experience on getting people to think outside the siloes. 

Olav Kjørven—Special Adviser to the UNDP Administrator on the Post-2015 Development Agenda
·      Strongly agree with Minister when made the point that it is naïve to think that the things that can’t be resolved in the UNFCCC process can be solved in another when many of the same people show up

·      Lots of scope for significant synergy when we go beyond looking at the UNFCCC process in a narrow sense (Workstream 2 in the ADP)

·      Option 4 in the options paper: (based on science), is probably not realistic at this point.  What should it look like if scientific knowledge were to reign supreme. We need to work further on option 4, not because it’s necessarily realistic, but we need to strive for this.

·      Option 3 is interesting to discuss because with the mainstreaming (option 1) and this, it could help things progress – build flexibility in the UNFCCC framework with a placeholder approach

·      Critical to frame the climate related goal language in developmental terms (has to be a about dev and reducing poverty and increasing good conditions for people all over the world)—none of the proposals have so far done this

·      Have to force ourselves to think more about where we want to be in 2030 than where we are now in terms of political realities.

·      Post-2015 agenda really is about where we want to be in 2030 and long term

Wael Hmaidan, Director of CAN International:
·      In November OWG session on energy—had a side event for this paper and there was a lot of skepticism, but this week there is more positive energy for the paper and how climate change should be reflected – should really look at this and realize that political will does change

·      Having climate change part of the development agenda is key

·      Ministries of Environment are often in charge of climate change and it doesn’t become very high on the agendas, because it’s not development in that regard.  Having part of the development movement moves it higher up the agenda

·      Want to continue working on a new draft of the paper based on the discussions this week and hopefully finalize a new draft in the next month or so

·      The narrative option is not enough—basically only having climate change in the narrative.  Important to have it in the narrative but not enough.  Helps it not just be an environmental issue to redefine it as a developmental issue

·      Option 1: climate proofing of goals—address climate change in the goals.  What we already sort of have consensus on because most people agree that we cannot have goals without addressing their sustainability and climate change.  Urbanization goal has to address CO2 and GHG emissions.  Lowest common denominator

·      Options 2 -4 for a climate goal. 

·      Options 3: using existing agreements for a goal—keeping 2 degrees warming that’s already been agreed upon by UNFCCC.  Problem with this goal is that the Summit for post-2015 is 7 weeks before COP21 so whatever ends up in the SDGs might not be relevant depending on what comes out of Paris. 

·      Option 4: most ambitious and based on science –provides increased momentum

·      Civil society is looking at a phaseout of GHG emissions goal—doesn’t have to be a year, but a goal provides a vision of how we want society to look like. Includes elements of what the OWG Co-Chairs said about not being threatening etc. How we want to develop towards a future.

Frederick D’Souza, Caritas India Director:
·      Different views of climate change – some people believe it’s normal, some believe it’s caused from only natural disasters, and some believe it’s from humans

·      In India see the impacts of climate change

·      For all our needs there is enough—development should be based on a need, not greed. 

·      No risk of losing binding commitments

·      Governments have to come to the UNFCCC and say their positions and try to reach agreement—mandated by the UN that they have to meet and have a legally binding commitment.  Phase-out would be voluntary and a vision and would provide room for growth

·      Planetary boundaries—one is the climate and CO2 but so many issues and not sure that putting them all together would be helpful.  Ex. Oceans, climate and other ones are so interlinked and if climate change alone is creating all this discussion, it would be even worse if you lumped them together

·      SIDS are always out there pushing the envelope and if there’s a way to get away with it, this is out.  AOSIS has never been shy about this stuff.

·      The reason SIDS are pushing the workstream 2 and things outside the formal process is to get stuff done and countries to commit to things in the parallel process and show that they’re already doing it.



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