Tag: Pacific Islands

ECO 3, Bonn 2011, Spanish Version

En esta Edición:

  • ¿La Mitigación, cuándo es “significativa”? 
  • El drama de las agendas SBI & SBSTA 
  • ¡Este es nuestro hogar también!
  • Avances en Adaptación, posibles en Bonn
  • El Rayo del día
  • Ludwig en Bonn
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Brave New Zealand!

One of the first things the current Zealand Government did when it came to power was to announce its intention to replace the country’s existing Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategies. Both had strong Green Party support because of the moves towards favouring renewable energy over the burning of fossil fuels.

In yesterday’s workshop, the New Zealand delegate did not signal any major changes from the current strategy – though she did do some special pleading for her small island (developed) state. So small! Such a small part of global emissions!

So imagine ECO’s surprise when a draft copy of the “new” Energy Strategy landed on our desk. It is now a fancy looking 40 page booklet (laid out with a whole lot of pretty pictures!) whose top priority is to “develop petroleum and mineral fuel resources,” ahead of renewable energy and new energy technologies.

So thinking small after all? Link: http://bit.ly/gjwl6M

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CAN International NEWS

December 9, 2010 

World NGO Leaders call on Ministers to deliver climate agreement 
Heads of WWF, Greenpeace, Oxfam, and CAN call out blocking countries 

[On demand webcast available] 

[Cancún, Mexico] The leaders of four international environment and 
development organizations here at the climate talks in Cancún urged 
Ministers to produce a strong and meaningful climate agreement and called 
out individual countries for blocking progress in the climate talks under 
way here. 

An on-demand webcast of the panl is available now at: 
http://webcast.cc2010.mx/webmedia_en.html?id=247

Leaders participating on the panel included: 

  •  Yolanda Kakabadse, President, WWF International; 

Governments should stop blaming each other and have the courage and the 
vision to be remembered by the people of the world. This is not a winners 
and losers option, we must all win 

  •  Jeremy Hobbs, Executive Director, Oxfam International; 

³With just two days left in the Cancun talks, we are in a position to move 
forward on a number of significant issues. Now it¹s time for the negotiators 
to stop blocking and get to work negotiating.  We need some practical 
progress to build trust, confidence and momentum that will deliver concrete 
results here in Cancun for poor people around the world. If they do this, 
ministers can final lay to rest the ghosts of Copenhagen once and for all 
and move us forward in the fight against climate change.²

  •  Kumi Naidoo, Executive Director, Greenpeace International; 

"Minsters here in Cancun can make history this week, they can set in motion 
a sequence of events that will build hope for the future, mark a transition 
to a fair and just world in which the environment and equity go hand in 
hand, they can build the trust needed to deliver a climate saving treaty in 
Durban." 

  •  David Turnbull, Executive Director, CAN International. 

When Obama came into office I was as optimistic as any that we would see a 
sea change in these talks. Unfortunately it appears the President and his 
administration are paying too much attention to the climate-denying Senators 
in Washington DC rather than living up to the goals they have set forward in 
public time and time again.  They are blocking progress on increased 
transparency in their own reporting, while demanding more from China and 
India on that same issue.²

On-demand Webcast: http://webcast.cc2010.mx/webmedia_en.html?id=247 
     (www.unfccc.int

Where: UNFCCC Press Conference Room Luna, Moon Palace, Cancún

Original webcast: 11:30 AM local (17:30 GMT), Thursday, December 9, 2010 

Who: World NGO Leaders on Cancún climate talks 

Climate Action Network (CAN) is a global network of over 550 
non-governmental organizations working to promote government and individual 
action to limit human-induced climate change to ecologically sustainable 
levels. For more information go to: www.climatenetwork.org 
<http://www.climatenetwork.org/> . 

For more information contact: 

Hunter Cutting: +52(1) 998-108-1313 
### 

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CAN International - Media Advisory/Webcast Notice - December 9th

December 9, 2010 

World NGO Leaders to call on Ministers to deliver climate agreement 
Cancún climate talks panel (webcast live) 

[Cancún, Mexico] The leaders of four international environment and 
development organizations have traveled to Cancún to call upon Ministers to 
produce a strong and meaningful climate agreement in talks underway here 
hosted by the UNFCCC. 

Climate Action Network will host a media panel for the leaders to share 
their call, Thursday, December 9, at 11:30 AM local (17:30 GMT), in Room 
Luna of the Azteca building of the Moon Palace in Cancún, host to the UNFCCC 
negotiations. 

Leaders participating on the panel will include: 

€ Yolanda Kakabadse, President, WWF International; 

€ Jeremy Hobbs, Executive Director, Oxfam International; 

€ Kumi Naidoo, Executive Director, Greenpeace International; and 

€ David Turnbull, Executive Director, CAN International. 

What: World NGO leaders share their call upon Ministers in the Cancún 
climate talks 

Where: UNFCCC Press Conference Room Luna, Moon Palace, Cancún

Webcast Live: http://webcast.cc2010.mx/    (www.unfccc.int

When: 11:30 AM local (17:30 GMT), Thursday, December 9, 2010 

Who: NGO experts on UNFCCC negotiations 

Climate Action Network (CAN) is a global network of over 550 
non-governmental organizations working to promote government and individual 
action to limit human-induced climate change to ecologically sustainable 
levels. For more information go to: www.climatenetwork.org 
<http://www.climatenetwork.org/> . 

For more information contact: 

Hunter Cutting: +52(1) 998-108-1313 
### 

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Vulnerability is Not a Beauty Contest

In recent UNFCCC sessions some developing countries that are not small island states, LDCs or African countries have challenged the Bali Action Plan language specifying those three groups of countries as being particularly vulnerable. This has led to an unhelpful contest within the Group of 77 and China.  ECO believes that with increasing impacts of climate change around the world, such as the devastating floods in Pakistan earlier this year, it is undeniable that all countries are now vulnerable, even developed countries.
However, in the context of the UNFCCC process it is not helpful to compete on which country is more vulnerable than another.  Instead, the focus should be more explicit and open about the main issue which is how to allocate the currently very limited adaptation funds across different countries, with a view to the urgency of their situations.
ECO urges Parties to discuss the possible elements of an adaptation resource allocation framework that takes the impacts of increased climate vulnerability into account along with other relevant attributes such as poverty and gender.
We believe that this discussion needs to be held primarily among the developing countries and a smaller group should be mandated to work further on this issue. This group should include representatives from LDCs, SIDS and African countries, as well as others. Such a representative body already exists in the Adaptation Fund Board with its 32 members including representatives from all UN country groupings.
We suggest that parties could mandate the AFB itself to address this issue by providing options by COP17 next year. The AFB, which meets in Cancun immediately after COP 16, can in turn solicit expert advice and report back to the COP next year with its recommendations. Alternatively, the LCA could allocate more time over this coming year to develop thinking on these issues than has been possible thus far, taking into account the knowledge and experience of the AFB. Furthermore, ECO encourages BASIC countries and others to come forward and voice their support for prioritisation of funding to the most vulnerable countries, such as LDCs, SIDS and African countries – indeed, the definition in the Bali Action Plan.

Related Newsletter : 

LULUCF: Moment 
of Decision

The future of Annex I forests and their role in climate change mitigation is about to be decided here in Cancun.
ECO has long highlighted how inappropriate and possibly fraudulent LULUCF accounting rules could be used by Annex I Parties to avoid accounting for their forestry emissions. This week a group of NGOs assessed the scale of these impacts, in particular, the magnitude of proposed forest management baselines relative to the ambition of Parties’ pledges. Astonishingly, the emission reduction efforts of some Parties could be reduced by up to 66% as a consequence of unaccounted emissions from logging their forests.
There is still more than one proposal on the table, and it is clear that the impact of forest management accounting on countries’ pledges will differ depending on the approach agreed upon.
A review process was proposed by developing countries earlier this year to evaluate the robustness of favoured baseline proposals by Annex I countries. The new KP Chair’s text calls on Parties to provide the required information by February 2011 and for expert reviewers to conclude their review by May.
But let’s be clear.  The impact of the proposed reference levels is unacceptable and a review won’t fix that. However, broadening the review to include an objective analysis of all accounting options could help Parties make an informed decision about which approach should be used in the second commitment period. To do this, Parties would need to provide information about each of the potential options on the table and how it will impact their pledges.
This analysis is urgently required for a meaningful discussion on numbers. That will achieve two crucial things: the discussion of ‘numbers’ will go forward with consideration of all potential options, and decisions will be made based on the likely real impacts on the climate.

 

Party Emission Reduction Pledge % 2020 Unaccounted Logging Emissions %
Canada -17 +1.4
New Zealand -10 to -20 +66.0
Norway -30 to -40 +8.7
Russian Fed -15 to -25 +5.5
Australia -5 to -15 +4.0
Japan -25 +3.6
EU -20 to -30 +2.7
Switzerland -20 to -30 +2.4

Notes: Figures are percentages of country-specific base years.  Pledged emission reductions for 2020 (rel 1990) from FCCC/KP/AWG/2010/INF.2/Rev.1.  Unaccounted logging emissions equals the difference between Party’s proposed reference levels and average of historical net emissions.  The estimate of average historical net emissions from Annex I forest management calculated using data from 1990-2008 (forest land remaining forest land) from Parties’ 2010 
inventory submissions.  Any adjustments were made on consultation with Parties and technical experts.  Japan has not yet indicated whether its pledges include accounting for forest management.

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Related Newsletter : 

CAN Submission: Cancun building blocks- Summary, October 2010

Cancun Building Blocks: Essential steps on the road to a fair, ambitious & binding deal outlines the balanced package of outcomes from Cancun, and the benchmark by which CAN’s 500 member organisations, and their millions of supporters, will judge the Cancun negotiations.

These building blocks were chosen not only because they provide a pathway for preventing catastrophic climate change but also because they pave a road which can be travelled, even taking into account political constraints. 

Success in Cancun will require meaningful progress in each area, agree­ment to work toward a legally binding deal in both tracks, including an indication that the Kyoto Protocol will continue, work plans agreed on each key area, and a long term vision for future negotiations.

Cancun Building Blocks include:

  • Agree a shared vision that keeps below 1.5o C warming, links it to the short and long term actions of Parties.
  • Establish a new climate fund along with a governance structure that is transparent, regionally balanced and ensures the COP decides policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria. Agree on a process to se­cure sufficient scale and sources of finance.
  • Establish an adaptation framework along with its institutions, goals and princi­ples and a mandate to agree a mechanism on loss and damage.
  • Put in place a technology executive committee and provide a mandate to agree measurable objectives and plans.
  • Agree to stop deforestation and degrada­tion of natural forests and related emissions completely by 2020, and ensure sufficient finance to meet this goal.
  • Implement the roll-out of a capacity building program.
  • Acknowledge the gigatonne gap be­tween current pledges and science-based targets, and ensure the gap will be closed in the process going forward.
  • Agree a mandate to negotiate by COP17 individual emission reduction commitments for industrialised countries that match an aggregate reduction target of more than 40% below 1990 levels by 2020.
  • Agree that each developed country will produce a Zero Carbon Action Plan by 2012.Minimise loopholes by adopting LULUCF rules that deliver emission reduc­tions from the forestry and land use sectors; market mechanism rules that prevent double counting of emission reductions or finance; and banking rules that minimise damage from ‘hot air’ (surplus AAUs).
  • Agree on producing climate-resilient Low Carbon Action Plans for developing countries, and establish a mechanism to match NAMAs with support. Mandate SBI and SBSTA to develop MRV guidelines for adoption in COP17.
  • Commission at COP 16 a technical pa­per to explore the mitigation required to keep warming below 1.5°C, and outline a process to negotiate how that effort will be shared between countries.
  • Agree a clear mandate that ensures that we get a full fair, ambitious and binding (FAB) deal at COP 17 in South Africa – one that includes the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.
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