Tag: Latin America

Brazilian Hot Air Samba Confuses Negotiators

It’s about as big as the combined yearly CO2 emissions from Europe and the US. Yes, we are talking about the gigantic, 10 gigatonne loophole that could undermine the whole purpose of a second Kyoto commitment period. ECO is clear, Parties must pop this “hot air” bubble this year, unless they have 10 gigatonnes of unannounced additional mitigation action up their sleeves.

Total A1 pledges until 2020 amount to only about 18 gigatonnes in cumulative pollution reductions. If all the hot air were used, these weak pledges would be cut in half. It is difficult to see how developed countries would then be able to convince developing countries to take on substantial reductions past 2020 if their own actions are so weak.

ECO is thrilled that the African Group and AOSIS have started to waltz and have tabled proposals on how to address the surplus AAUs.

ECO especially likes the AOSIS proposal. It makes use of the surplus dependent on a country’s level of ambition in CP2. If a country’s emission pledges are the same or higher than their 2008 emission, they will not be able to use any carry over. If their QELRO is below 2008 emissions and if they do not meet their pledge, they can use a small fraction of their surplus to help meet their pledge.

The African proposal is good but less stringent. It allows for countries to sell 2% of their surplus per year. In an 8-year commitment period this would mean potentially 16% of carry over being sold. In ECO’s rough calculation that’s more than 1 gigatonne. It is a start but still too high.  They get a thumbs up for including offsets from the CDM and JI in the limitation of the carry over. ECO also welcomes their suggestions that half of the revenue of the AAUs sold is used for mitigation action in the seller country and that the other half goes to the Adaptation Fund.

After consulting three Nobel Prize winners and a Fields Medal laureate, ECO still cannot figure out what the Brazilian proposal is all about. It seems to say that hot air due to the current economic crisis represents real emission reductions and should therefore be carried over fully. It also implies that the proceeds could go directly into the pockets of European companies and not be spent on adaptation.  Europe, with its apparent second term Polish EU presidency, is still practising its noble silence.

ECO commends the countries that have shown leadership on this issue! ECO calls on the G77 to develop a technically and environmentally sound proposal this week. This is the year the AAU surplus issue has to be resolved once and for all. Otherwise, we will not be able to start with CP2 in January 2013.

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Movimiento Ciudadano frente al Cambio Climático (MOCICC)

The Citizen's Movement against Climate Change (MOCCIC) promotes and implements advocacy strategies and regional and national monitoring around policies related to climate change. Sensitized to the various civil society actors, promoting new lifestyles and reflect the diverse ancestral wisdom, brings in capacity building in civil society and implements strategies to enable joint action at local, regional, nationally and globally.

Contact Information: 
Olaechea Daniel Jr. 175
Maria Jesus

Centro Latinoamericano de Ecología Social (CLAES)


CLAES is an independent nongovernmental organization dedicated to research, campaign and promotion of social ecology. Recognizing a mutual relationship between groups with their environment, in historical context, are considered environmental problems, linking research to action, from an ethical commitment to the defense of life. CLAES was founded in 1989, is headquartered in Montevideo (Uruguay). 

Contact Information: 
Magallanes 1334 Montevideo

Mexican Center for Environmental Law - CEMDA

The Mexican Environmental Law Center is a nonpartisan civic organization that promotes since 1993 the right to a healthy environment and environmental protection. Our work, together with that of many other actors, contributes to the effective implementation of legislation, improvement of public policies, strengthening of legality and the rule of law. All this in order to achieve better social welfare in harmony with nature.

Our principles are justice, human dignity, sustainable development, honesty and professional excellence.

Strategic Objectives

  • Strengthen the Mexican legal system guaranteeing better environmental and sustainable development.
  • Apply and document strategic litigation as a mechanism to improve the quality of life of people.
  • Promote the inclusion of the right to a healthy environment on the political agenda of human rights.
  • Develop research to human rights reports to strengthen the position of the right to a healthy environment.
  • Develop and implement remedies to protect priority sites in the Gulf of California, the Mesoamerican Reef System and priority forest sites, and coastal wetlands.
  • Defend the environment permits, licenses, legal concessions affecting priority site Gulf of California
  • Promote informed and responsible social participation in environmental matters.
  • Analyze opportunities for improving the enforcement mechanisms of environmental law through citizen complaints and public consultation.
Contact Information: 
Atlixco 138, Colonia Condesa, Cuauhtemoc Delegation Mexico City

Greenpeace Mexico

Global climate change is the biggest threat facing life as we know it today. Scientists warn that if global temperatures rise more than 2 ° C compared with preindustrial levels, we will be producing catastrophic climate change and triggering processes that cause further release more emissions of greenhouse gases. 

The main cause of this phenomenon is the excessive concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, resulting from the excessive burning of fossil fuels (oil, coal and gas) and deforestation. The current paradigm of energy production and consumption is unsustainable for two reasons basic sites of these fuels are being depleted and environmental causes serious disorders. 

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change United Nations Organization (IPCC) has identified a rapid increase in the concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in recent decades. These gases accentuate the "greenhouse effect" and, consequently, the change in global climate. 

Since the industrial revolution until now the global temperature has increased about 0.7 degrees Celsius. If this trend in global temperature could rise between 2.4 ° C and 6.4 ° C by the end of the century. The IPCC believes that if average global temperature rises by 2 degrees, the effects on life will be catastrophic and irreversible. Ideally keep the rise below 1.5 degrees. No doubt this is our biggest challenge as humanity!

Contact Information: 
Santa Margarita 227, Col. Del Valle Mexico City

Asociación Interamericana para la Defensa del Ambiente (AIDA)

Global warming is the most systemic and long-range threat to environmental health. AIDA is now working on climate change, with a focus on developing legal tools and regulatory frameworks that will help move human societies toward energy sustainability and protect those most harmed by rising sea levels and changing weather patterns.

Contact Information: 
Diagonal 40 A # 14 -75 Bogotá

Acción por la Tierra

The mission of Action for the Earth is to contribute to a more just, peaceful and sustainable, through promoting informed and responsible citizen participation in environmental issues, including implementation of the Conventions and international and regional agreements in this field, promoting both the local sustainable development and use of appropriate technologies in vulnerable communities affected by the impacts of desertification, climate change or pollution or degradation caused by unsustainable investment projects in their territories.

Contact Information: 
Pure 251, Office 9, Recoleta Santiago


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