Tag: Europe

Associaçio Nacional de Conservaçao da Natureza – QUERCUS - National Association for Nature Conservation

Quem Somos
Um pouco de história sobre a Quercus - Associação Nacional de Conservação da Natureza, uma Organização Não Governamental de Ambiente (ONGA), criada em 1985.
A Quercus - Associação Nacional de Conservação da Natureza, foi fundada a 31 de Outubro de 1985.

É uma associação independente, apartidária, de âmbito nacional, sem fins lucrativos e constituída por cidadãos que se juntaram em torno do mesmo interesse pela Conservação da Natureza e dos Recursos Naturais e na Defesa do Ambiente em geral, numa perspectiva de desenvolvimento sustentado.

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A Associação designa-se QUERCUS, por serem os Carvalhos, as Azinheiras e os Sobreiros (cuja designação comum em latim é: Quercus) as árvores características dos ecossistemas florestais mais evoluídos que cobriam o nosso país e de que restam, actualmente, apenas relíquias muito degradadas.

Desde a sua fundação, a QUERCUS tem vindo a ocupar na sociedade portuguesa um lugar, simultaneamente irreverente e construtivo, da defesa das múltiplas causas da natureza e do ambiente.

Este estatuto foi progressivamente conquistado através de uma conduta atenta ao real, sem perder o ponto de referência fundamental dos princípios, nem se afastar das necessidades de complementar a denúncia crítica com o esforço para a construção de consensos na sociedade portuguesa, sem os quais nenhum efectivo modelo de desenvolvimento sustentável será possível no nosso país.

Uma das características da Quercus é a sua descentralização. De facto, existem Núcleos regionais da QUERCUS espalhados um pouco por todo o país, incluindo as regiões autónomas dos Açores e da Madeira.

Em 1992, a Associação recebeu o Prémio Global 500 das Nações Unidas e o título de membro honorário da Ordem do Infante D. Henrique, atribuído pelo Senhor Presidente da República, Dr. Mário Soares.

Contact Information: 
Portugal
PT
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Friends of the Earth - Spain, Amigos de la Tierra Espana

Amigos de la Tierra España es una asociación ecologista con la misión de fomentar el cambio local y global hacia una sociedad respetuosa con el medio ambiente, justa y solidaria. Destaca por el trabajo desarrollado en la construcción de una ciudadanía social y ambientalmente comprometida, en el marco de una activa participación en la federación de Amigos de la Tierra Internacional, con más de un millón de socios en 77 países de los cinco continentes.

Nuestras áreas de trabajo se componen de distintas campañas y proyectos que, gracias a la difusión de información, la educación ambiental y presión política y a la implicación de los Grupos Locales, contribuyen a avanzar hacia una sociedad más sostenible. Esta labor local y nacional se complementa con nuestra pertenencia a Amigos de la Tierra Europa y Amigos de la Tierra Internacional.

NUESTRA MISIÓN

La misión de Amigos de la Tierra es fomentar el cambio local y global hacia una sociedad respetuosa con el medio ambiente, justa y solidaria.

NUESTRA VISIÓN

Un mundo donde todos los seres vivos y pueblos vivan con dignidad en armonía con la naturaleza.

NUESTROS VALORES Y ACTITUDES

Amigos de la Tierra es una asociación ecologista que, además, se declara:

Justa y solidaria

Creemos en la solidaridad y en la justicia económica, social y ambiental. Promovemos la igualdad de oportunidades para todas las personas en el acceso a los recursos, sin distinción de sexo, raza, cultura, etnia o creencia.

Cercana a las personas

Las sociedades humanas son una parte esencial de nuestra visión del medio ambiente. A través de la protección de nuestro planeta conseguimos mejorar el bienestar de la sociedad. Por tanto también actuamos para la gente y con ella. Intentamos comprender la sociedad para poder cambiarla.

Comprometida socialmente

Los problemas sociales y ambientales son indisociables. La degradación y la injusticia ambiental llevan inevitablemente a una degradación e injusticia social y viceversa. Por esto buscamos integrar en nuestras líneas de actuación ambos aspectos.

Global y local

Dado el carácter global de la mayoría de los problemas ambientales y sin embargo el carácter local de sus causas y efectos, hacemos nuestra la actitud de pensar globalmente y actuar localmente, respetando la diversidad cultural a todos los niveles. Nuestra pertenencia a Amigos de la Tierra Internacional y nuestra implantación a través de los grupos locales nos facilita su puesta en práctica.

Constructiva y positiva

Alertamos sobre la problemática ambiental y social pero confiamos en el futuro, por lo que proponemos y llevamos a la práctica soluciones y alternativas realistas e influimos en la sociedad de forma creativa y con ideas innovadoras para lograr un cambio profundo. Nuestros mensajes son positivos.

Educativa

Promovemos a través de la educación cambios individuales y colectivos para reducir nuestro impacto negativo sobre el planeta.

Activista y reivindicativa

Creemos en el valor de la acción tanto colectiva como individual, por lo que promovemos la actuación ciudadana directa y la unión de fuerzas. Por ello colaboramos con las personas y organizaciones con las que compartimos objetivos.

Abierta y dialogante

Estamos abiertos a escuchar a los demás y a debatir la búsqueda de soluciones. Pero procuramos no promover soluciones parciales o superficiales que puedan ser contraproducentes para remediar (o evitar) las causas subyacentes de los problemas ambientales globales.

Pacifista y no violenta

Defendemos, siempre a través del diálogo, soluciones no violentas a los conflictos y promovemos actitudes pacifistas.

Democrática y participativa

Creemos en la diversidad de criterios y en la democracia participativa, por ello practicamos el diálogo abierto entre todos los componentes de la asociación y les animamos a implicarse en sus actividades.

Transparente

Ponemos a disposición de la sociedad una completa información sobre nuestra gestión y actividades.

Independiente y laica

No estamos vinculados a ningún partido político, grupo económico, o confesión religiosa.

Contact Information: 
Spain
ES
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CAN International NEWS

December 9, 2010 

World NGO Leaders call on Ministers to deliver climate agreement 
Heads of WWF, Greenpeace, Oxfam, and CAN call out blocking countries 

[On demand webcast available] 

[Cancún, Mexico] The leaders of four international environment and 
development organizations here at the climate talks in Cancún urged 
Ministers to produce a strong and meaningful climate agreement and called 
out individual countries for blocking progress in the climate talks under 
way here. 

An on-demand webcast of the panl is available now at: 
http://webcast.cc2010.mx/webmedia_en.html?id=247

Leaders participating on the panel included: 

  •  Yolanda Kakabadse, President, WWF International; 

Governments should stop blaming each other and have the courage and the 
vision to be remembered by the people of the world. This is not a winners 
and losers option, we must all win 

  •  Jeremy Hobbs, Executive Director, Oxfam International; 

³With just two days left in the Cancun talks, we are in a position to move 
forward on a number of significant issues. Now it¹s time for the negotiators 
to stop blocking and get to work negotiating.  We need some practical 
progress to build trust, confidence and momentum that will deliver concrete 
results here in Cancun for poor people around the world. If they do this, 
ministers can final lay to rest the ghosts of Copenhagen once and for all 
and move us forward in the fight against climate change.²

  •  Kumi Naidoo, Executive Director, Greenpeace International; 

"Minsters here in Cancun can make history this week, they can set in motion 
a sequence of events that will build hope for the future, mark a transition 
to a fair and just world in which the environment and equity go hand in 
hand, they can build the trust needed to deliver a climate saving treaty in 
Durban." 

  •  David Turnbull, Executive Director, CAN International. 

When Obama came into office I was as optimistic as any that we would see a 
sea change in these talks. Unfortunately it appears the President and his 
administration are paying too much attention to the climate-denying Senators 
in Washington DC rather than living up to the goals they have set forward in 
public time and time again.  They are blocking progress on increased 
transparency in their own reporting, while demanding more from China and 
India on that same issue.²

On-demand Webcast: http://webcast.cc2010.mx/webmedia_en.html?id=247 
     (www.unfccc.int

Where: UNFCCC Press Conference Room Luna, Moon Palace, Cancún

Original webcast: 11:30 AM local (17:30 GMT), Thursday, December 9, 2010 

Who: World NGO Leaders on Cancún climate talks 

Climate Action Network (CAN) is a global network of over 550 
non-governmental organizations working to promote government and individual 
action to limit human-induced climate change to ecologically sustainable 
levels. For more information go to: www.climatenetwork.org 
<http://www.climatenetwork.org/> . 

For more information contact: 

Hunter Cutting: +52(1) 998-108-1313 
### 

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CAN International - Media Advisory/Webcast Notice - December 9th

December 9, 2010 

World NGO Leaders to call on Ministers to deliver climate agreement 
Cancún climate talks panel (webcast live) 

[Cancún, Mexico] The leaders of four international environment and 
development organizations have traveled to Cancún to call upon Ministers to 
produce a strong and meaningful climate agreement in talks underway here 
hosted by the UNFCCC. 

Climate Action Network will host a media panel for the leaders to share 
their call, Thursday, December 9, at 11:30 AM local (17:30 GMT), in Room 
Luna of the Azteca building of the Moon Palace in Cancún, host to the UNFCCC 
negotiations. 

Leaders participating on the panel will include: 

€ Yolanda Kakabadse, President, WWF International; 

€ Jeremy Hobbs, Executive Director, Oxfam International; 

€ Kumi Naidoo, Executive Director, Greenpeace International; and 

€ David Turnbull, Executive Director, CAN International. 

What: World NGO leaders share their call upon Ministers in the Cancún 
climate talks 

Where: UNFCCC Press Conference Room Luna, Moon Palace, Cancún

Webcast Live: http://webcast.cc2010.mx/    (www.unfccc.int

When: 11:30 AM local (17:30 GMT), Thursday, December 9, 2010 

Who: NGO experts on UNFCCC negotiations 

Climate Action Network (CAN) is a global network of over 550 
non-governmental organizations working to promote government and individual 
action to limit human-induced climate change to ecologically sustainable 
levels. For more information go to: www.climatenetwork.org 
<http://www.climatenetwork.org/> . 

For more information contact: 

Hunter Cutting: +52(1) 998-108-1313 
### 

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U.S. and EU Each Win 1 Fossil in Cancun, Canada Takes 2nd Place Again

Cancun, Mexico – The United States earned the 1 place Fossil of the Day, and its
first Fossil of the United Nations climate negotiations here, for trying to hide mention
of pollution reduction targets it is not on track to meet, not just for itself, but for all
developed countries. Canada won its fifth Fossil, and second 2nd place Fossil, for
literally inventing anti-coal regulation it does not have. The European Union, with a
3rd place Fossil and its first in Cancun, received the award for doing nothing to
address excess allowed emissions and then using that excess as a reason for not
wanting to continue the Kyoto Protocol. Canada remains the leading recipient of
Fossils in Cancun.


The Fossils as presented read:


"The European Union wins the 3rd place Fossil. For not engaging on specific tabled
solutions dealing with the AAU surplus (hot air), which threatens the environmental
integrity of the Kyoto protocol while at the same time using the lack of environmental
integrity as a condition to sign on to a second commitment period under the Kyoto
Protocol. Europe, get your act together!"


“Canada wins the 2nd place Fossil. It must be wonderful to live in the magical world
of Canada’s Environment Minister. In that enchanted land, a press release is the same
as a law, and ‘polluting for up to 45 more years’ means the same thing as ‘banning
dirty coal.’


Tragically, the rest of us are stuck with reality. And in reality, it’s a problem to tell
your Parliament and your media that you’ve published regulations to ban coal when
you’ve done nothing of the kind.For that little vacation from the truth, Canada takes home yet another Fossil of the Day.


"The United States wins the 1st place Fossil. After more than a week of relative
silence, the U.S.A. roared back to life in a most unfortunate way this morning. It
opposed reference to aggregate pollution reduction targets for developed countries of
25-40% from 1990 levels by 2020 in the 1.b.i. drafting group. Just because the U.S. is
not on track to make these necessary cuts is no excuse for obscuring the fact that it
and other developed countries need to get there. For trying to hide the obvious, the
U.S. wins the first place Fossil."
_____________________________________________________________________
About CAN: The Climate Action Network is a worldwide network of roughly 500
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) working to promote government and
individual action to limit human-induced climate change to ecologically sustainable
levels. www.climatenetwork.org


About the fossils: The Fossil of the Day awards were first presented at the climate
talks in 1999  in Bonn, initiated by the German NGO Forum. During United Nations
climate change negotiations (www.unfccc.int), members of the Climate Action
Network (CAN), vote for countries judged to have done their 'best' to block progress
in the negotiations in the last days of talks.

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The UK Raises the Bar

Developed country leadership on moving to a zero carbon economy is in short supply. The positions adopted by many Annex I parties give the impression that they are dragging their heels rather than picking up their pace and embracing a greener future.
So the call by the UK’s powerful Committee on Climate Change for the UK to cut its emissions by 60% by 2030 on 1990 levels – and with the use of offsets “only at the margin” – is indeed a ray of sunshine.
The Committee is a statutory body under the UK’s groundbreaking Climate Change Act to advise on targets and monitor progress towards them. The Act sets a legally binding target to cut emissions by at least 80% by 2050, spanned by binding five-year carbon budgets.
A reduction of 60% by 2030 (and at least 50% by 2025), the Committee says, is achievable and affordable, with costs to the UK economy of less than 1% of GDP. In fact, the UK stands to benefit from a major drive on energy efficiency and developing new green industries based firmly on renewable energy sources.
There are also some strong pointers on EU ambition for 2020 and beyond. The Committee wants the EU to move to its long-promised 30% target as soon as possible. But in the meantime, the UK should move ahead unilaterally, at least for those sectors not covered by the EU emissions trading scheme.
The EU is also considering targets for 2030 as part of a ‘road map’ exercise due to report in the spring of 2011. The Committee also sets the bar here, calling for the EU to set a goal of around 55% below 1990 levels by 2030.
Here in Cancun, Parties are considering text which would require developed countries to implement Zero Carbon Action Plans – clear long-term frameworks to guide the transition to a green economy and avoid lock-in to high-carbon infrastructure.
Another key benefit will be to build trust that at least some Annex I Parties are taking concrete steps to deliver on their short and long-term targets. On this showing, the UK Climate Change Act is proving to be a pretty good model to follow.
Of course, the UK government now needs to act on the Committee’s advice. When he came to power in May, Prime Minister David Cameron pledged that his government will be the ‘greenest ever’.
What better way to prove it than by deciding a strong, early acceptance of the Committee’s recommendations? After all, in the runup to the election he committed to implementing them.  
With new, strong policies to meet these targets, the UK would fully embark on the path to a green economy and reduce reliance on fossil fuel imports. This will also give a clear and powerful signal to other developed nations that a zero carbon economy is nothing to be afraid of, and every bit an enormous 
opportunity for the future.
 

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Surplus AAU Solutions

This is not the first time ECO has commented on the surplus of assigned amount units (AAU) present from the first Kyoto commitment period, and how the overflow could deliver a body blow to the future aggregate actions of annex B countries if carried over to the second commitment period. So far this issue has not seen much progress at all in the AWG-KP.
However, the Chair’s new revised KP text proposal contains interesting options which might bring us quite far in solving the AAU loophole crisis, which threatens the future environmental integrity of the Kyoto protocol.
Option 2 on Article 3, para 13 and 13bis shows a smart way of ensuring that this surplus does not contaminate the domestic aggregate reductions of Annex B countries. This is done by allowing the AAU surplus to be exclusively used by countries which have registered such surpluses, and only where their emissions are higher than their AAUs for the second commitment period. This option also does away with the risk of ‘AAU laundering’ where second commitment period AAUs are sold off and the first commitment period surplus is used for compliance.
However, there still is a risk that this option might encourage countries with AAU surpluses to stall their climate action. ECO once again suggests that the surplus for domestic compliance also have a discount applied to limit the availability. This could be achieved by combining option 1 in the chair’s text with option 2.  
ECO in particular invites the EU to remove the gag from its mouth and speak out in an ambitious way. Wasn’t the EU one of the parties demanding more environmental integrity in the Kyoto Protocol as condition of signing on to a second commitment period? Bonjour Bruxelles, it’s crunch time!
Finally, let’s also not forget the bigger picture and learn from the past. Vast amounts of surplus AAUs could continue to occur in the second commitment period if the current low pledges of developed countries are not improved significantly. To further minimize the negative impact on environmental integrity, all countries should commit to climate friendly investments of the revenues from the sales of second commitment period AAUs through transparent and internationally monitored Green Investment Schemes.  The existence of a complex problem does not negate possible solutions.  Instead, it accelerates the need for them.

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The EU Roadmap: Planning for Success

Over in snowy Brussels, the European Commission has set an agenda for 2011 in which the year 2050 looms large.  During the course of next year the Commission plans to publish a Roadmap towards a low carbon economy for the EU by 2050, including milestones for the structural and technological changes needed by 2030.  This feeds into a vision of an overall ‘resource-efficient’ economy, and will be followed by another Roadmap of 
possible development paths for the EU energy system to 2050.
An early prelude to this work is the European Climate Foundation’s Roadmap 2050 report which was presented in a side event yesterday.  This major project, conducted and backed by numerous experts and stakeholders, analyses four scenarios for achieving at least an 80% decarbonisation of the EU economy by 2050.  It puts a strong focus on energy efficiency and demand reduction, and priority is given to decarbonisation of the power sector, electrification of transport and heat and an integrated European approach to grid interconnection.  
The four scenarios cover renewable energy levels ranging from 40% to 100%, with the remainder addressed by nuclear and CCS (you can guess which scenario ECO prefers).  All four scenarios are found to be technologically feasible, secure, affordable, and even cheaper than business as usual, assuming a modest carbon price.  
But the most important finding is that none of the scenarios will be realised automatically.  A great deal of policy intervention will be needed in accordance with a structured, long-term plan.  If we rely solely on the price of carbon, market mechanisms and near-term emissions targets, the risk of lock-in to a high intensity carbon system is high.  At the same time, the upfront investment costs for major new grid, power generation and demand management infrastructure are substantial and planning ahead is a necessity.
What the EU needs – and indeed every country – is a Low or Zero Carbon Action Plan (alternatively known as a Low Emission Development Strategy or a Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Development Strategy).  
The UK’s Climate Change Act, with its legally binding national targets for 2020 and 2050, has precipitated just such a conclusion from the Independent Committee on Climate Change.  By looking out to 2050, the Committee came to the sharp realisation that the country’s power sector needs to be decarbonised by 2030.  Clearly the only way this can happen is by means of major policy intervention over and above what the carbon market will deliver, starting now.  
There is hope that focusing on 2050 will deliver an EU-wide strategy, complete with milestones and measures.  And there should be immediate recognition that a target of 20% emission reductions by 2020 is far from the least cost pathway.  
It is time to accept the necessity of long-term strategies to bring us safely to 2050.  That needs to be firmly embodied in an international agreement.  Not only would zero carbon plans for developed countries avoid nasty surprises down the line, they will provide tangible benefits in terms of innovation, job creation and quality of life.  And they would greatly improve MRV and trust in developed country actions matching intentions – something currently very hard to find.

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The Elephant Gap

Delegates, in case you haven’t noticed, there is an elephant roaming the halls of the Moon Palace, and it weighs something like 9 gigatonnes.  
As reaffirmed by UNEP in its new Emissions Gap Report, the climate pledges made in Copenhagen fall far short of what is needed to limit global temperature rise to less than 2 oC, and even further below a 1.5 oC limit which is needed to minimize the inundation of low-lying nations and coastal areas, the loss of coral reefs and the permanent disappearance of summer Arctic sea ice.  But instead of starting to bring the elephant down to size, Parties seem determined to fatten it up even further.
According to the UNEP, the gap between where the Copenhagen Accord pledges are now and where they should be in 2020 could be bigger than the combined emissions of China and Russia. At best, the gap ‘only’ equals all cars, trucks and buses in the world, or the combined emissions of the 27 EU member states.
The UNEP report identifies specific actions Parties can take here in Cancun to help close the Gigatonne Gap.  But their actions so far suggest they won’t admit to seeing the elephant and that the future of the planet is at stake.  For example, while strict LULUCF accounting rules would close the gap considerably, Parties are on the verge of cementing rules that will make the problem much worse.
The list goes on. The EU is promoting an 8-year commitment period, freezing the current low level of ambition in place for the remainder of this decade.  Russia and Ukraine insist on flooding the next commitment period with hot air from the first. The Umbrella countries have trouble acknowledging that there is any gap at all.  It should be obvious that just implementing their Copenhagen pledges won’t do the trick.
In the coming days ECO expects countries to act on the UNEP report. First, they need to drop the proposed accounting rules and loopholes that will 
expand rather than close the Gigatonne Gap.  
In addition, while grappling with proposals to anchor the Copenhagen pledges in the UNFCCC, they should also fully acknowledge the existence of the gap and commit to a timely process to close it as rapidly as possible – before the elephant stampedes across the planet.

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LULUCF: Moment 
of Decision

The future of Annex I forests and their role in climate change mitigation is about to be decided here in Cancun.
ECO has long highlighted how inappropriate and possibly fraudulent LULUCF accounting rules could be used by Annex I Parties to avoid accounting for their forestry emissions. This week a group of NGOs assessed the scale of these impacts, in particular, the magnitude of proposed forest management baselines relative to the ambition of Parties’ pledges. Astonishingly, the emission reduction efforts of some Parties could be reduced by up to 66% as a consequence of unaccounted emissions from logging their forests.
There is still more than one proposal on the table, and it is clear that the impact of forest management accounting on countries’ pledges will differ depending on the approach agreed upon.
A review process was proposed by developing countries earlier this year to evaluate the robustness of favoured baseline proposals by Annex I countries. The new KP Chair’s text calls on Parties to provide the required information by February 2011 and for expert reviewers to conclude their review by May.
But let’s be clear.  The impact of the proposed reference levels is unacceptable and a review won’t fix that. However, broadening the review to include an objective analysis of all accounting options could help Parties make an informed decision about which approach should be used in the second commitment period. To do this, Parties would need to provide information about each of the potential options on the table and how it will impact their pledges.
This analysis is urgently required for a meaningful discussion on numbers. That will achieve two crucial things: the discussion of ‘numbers’ will go forward with consideration of all potential options, and decisions will be made based on the likely real impacts on the climate.

 

Party Emission Reduction Pledge % 2020 Unaccounted Logging Emissions %
Canada -17 +1.4
New Zealand -10 to -20 +66.0
Norway -30 to -40 +8.7
Russian Fed -15 to -25 +5.5
Australia -5 to -15 +4.0
Japan -25 +3.6
EU -20 to -30 +2.7
Switzerland -20 to -30 +2.4

Notes: Figures are percentages of country-specific base years.  Pledged emission reductions for 2020 (rel 1990) from FCCC/KP/AWG/2010/INF.2/Rev.1.  Unaccounted logging emissions equals the difference between Party’s proposed reference levels and average of historical net emissions.  The estimate of average historical net emissions from Annex I forest management calculated using data from 1990-2008 (forest land remaining forest land) from Parties’ 2010 
inventory submissions.  Any adjustments were made on consultation with Parties and technical experts.  Japan has not yet indicated whether its pledges include accounting for forest management.

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