Tag: CAN Positions

Friends of Talanoa Dialogue Briefing: Considerations for Submission of Inputs to the Talanoa Dialogue, March 2018

Friends of Talanoa Dialogue Briefing: Considerations for Submission of Inputs to the Talanoa Dialogue

This memo was prepared by the Friends of Talanoa Dialogue, a number of civil society organisations and think tanks, including Climate Action Network, World Resources Institute, IDDRI, Mission 2020, ICLEI, Stockholm Environment Institute, Blavatnik School of Government Oxford University, International Institute for Environment and Development and C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group.

A broad range of stakeholders have the opportunity to feed directly into the Talanoa Dialogue through submissions, participating in the May session of the Dialogue (6 May 2018), and convening events in support of the Dialogue. The Talanoa Dialogue focuses on answering three core questions: (1) Where are we? (2) Where do we want to go? and (3) How do we get there?
Submissions from both Parties and non-Party stakeholders can play a key role in highlighting key issues related to the need, gaps and opportunities for action, including the role played by non-Party stakeholders and the potential for strengthened action and increased ambition from countries. Submissions should speak to what the submitting Party can contribute or action they will undertake.
Given the breadth of potential inputs, the information submitted is likely to be substantial and covering a broad range of topics. Therefore, there is value in providing succinct, targeted submissions that respond directly to the three questions and can advance the conversation and contribute to the purpose of the Talanoa Dialogue – enhancing ambition and informing the next round of NDCs in 2020.
Below are suggestions for content and messages that could be highlighted or provided in submissions for each question. Inputs can be in the form of quantitative evidence, stories of specific examples or experiences, or forward-looking proposals that highlight new opportunities to increase action and ambition. In each case, submissions are likely to have a greater impact if they are given a clear message and framing.

Where are we?
• Temperature rise has already reached 1°C and the impacts from climate change are already being felt. Identify climate impacts specific to your sector, country or region. Present also the “human side” of these impacts, as well as economic and infrastructure costs.
• Current NDCs and trajectories of emissions put the world on course for temperature rise greater than 1.5 and 2C (NDCs cover only approximately one third of the emissions reductions needed to be on a least-cost pathway for the goal of staying well below 2°C).
• If the emissions gap is not closed by 2030, it is extremely unlikely that the goal of holding global warming to well below 2°C can still be reached.
• At current rates of emissions, the carbon budget for 2C will be 80% depleted by 2030.
• Peaking emissions by 2020 is urgently needed to keep the window to 1.5C open. Need for emissions to peak by 2020, assessments on peaking of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in specific countries, and what national commitments imply for an emissions peak in the future
• Identify emissions levels and trajectories in key sectors.
• Early progress is being made that can be scaled (also relevant for question #3). Outline progress being made in your sector (e.g. falling costs, new technologies available), country (e.g. expected over achievement of target), subnational jurisdiction (e.g. new economy wide or sectoral targets), or region. Emphasize already achieved emissions reductions, not just ambitious
• Levels of finance and investment needed and available for climate-appropriate action. Evidence
that some financial flows are beginning to shift, but financial support for fossil fuels is still at
significant levels.
• Emphasize “positive” changes we are already seeing in the world (e.g. rapid cost reduction in
renewables, job creation by renewables, co-benefits of adaptation measures i.e., health
impacts, jobs and innovation).

Where do we want to go?
• Describe the emissions reductions and mitigation actions needed, including for specific sectors and sources of emissions, to achieve goals of the Paris Agreement. This can include short-term, medium-term and long-term objectives in the context of achieving the Paris goals.
• Describe the adaptation and resilience actions needed for a safe future. Integrated adaptation and mitigation policies/strategies/actions are also recommendable to highlight here.
• Share a vision of the future you want to see for the sector, constituency or geography you represent and for the world as a whole.
• Describe the transformational change needed in order to achieve the Paris goals, including shifts in finance and investment, sustainable consumption and production, resilience, etc.
• Describe the enabling policies needed from national governments to unlock greater ambition and action at their level as well as from other actors, including business, investors, sub-national governments and private individuals.
• Outline a vision for economic growth, investment, jobs, energy security, health, and quality of life that greater and integrated climate action could bring.
• Outline a vision for a just transition to ensure that no one gets left behind.

How do we get there?
• Strengthened action in enhanced NDCs, along with national-level implementation and non-state action, are needed to move the world toward a trajectory in line with well below 2C and 1.5C.
• Significant opportunities for strengthened action and ambition exist; identify opportunities for specific sectors, sources of emissions, geographies, etc. Specific proposals are helpful, particularly if there are already existing initiatives/programmes that can be scaled up, or that new participants can join. For example, “If 5 more countries joined our initiative, the effect would be…”
• Climate action can provide substantial development and economic benefits; describe evidence of the benefits of climate action in specific sectors and geographies and for specific sources o emissions.
• Identify sectors or sources of emissions that weren’t included in initial NDCs or need strengthening. (e.g. short-lived climate pollutants, oceans and marine ecosystems, urban
planning). Quantify what their inclusion would mean in terms of greenhouse gas emission reduction and other development or economic benefits (e.g. fiscal benefits of fossil fuel subsidy eform).
• Identify specific recent technological and economic shifts and/or breakthroughs (e.g. battery storage, electric vehicles, green infrastructure for adaptation, etc.) that can serve as the basis
for enhanced action. (underlying assumptions have changed since the NDCs were firs developed. Identification of what these are (e.g. falling price of renewables, advancements in
battery storage, new policy options) and how this impacts the models used to develop the targets in current NDCs.
• Identify new initiatives that have been launched to support implementation or provide new avenues for cooperation and enhanced action. Specify how others can join such initiatives and therefore enhance action or ambition.
• Non-Party stakeholders are making ambitious commitments and taking significant action across multiple sectors; these actions can provide bolster and support enhanced national policies and
• National dialogues between governments and non-party stakeholders can unlock new opportunities for action. National governments are receiving new technical tools like ICAT to help them understand and measure how non-party stakeholders are already helping them deliver their current NDCs, and providing a methodology to integrate non-party stakeholder commitments into their next round of NDCs.
• Collaboration among countries through finance, technology and capacity could unlock the potential of those countries, which lead to enhance NDCs. If any, state possible examples. Equity and fairness should be reflected in such processes.
• Describe how enhancing climate action will further the advancement of the SDGs.
• Describe the importance of achieving equity and fairness that leads to reinforcing ambition.


CAN Briefing on Top Line Priorities for the Japan-Brazil Meeting, February 2018

The 16th Informal Meeting on Further Actions Against Climate Change or the Japan-Brazil Informal Meeting provides an opportunity for key Parties to initiate the critical discussions that need to happen in 2018 and agree on important issues ahead of the UNFCCC intersessions in April. Climate Action Network provides this Briefing outlining its top line expectations for 2018 with the view of guiding the Ministers at this Meeting. 


CAN Submission on the Scope of the Technical Paper Exploring Sources of Support for Loss and Damage and Modalities for Accessing Support, February 2018

The prevalence of extreme weather events and climate impacts experienced all over the world in 2017 - hurricanes in the Caribbean, heavy floods in South Asia, floods and droughts in Africa, droughts and rising sea levels in the Pacific, changing rainfall including flooding in South America - make it very clear that we have no time to waste.  The most vulnerable people in the frontlines of climate change require finance for loss and damage urgently. 

It is essential that the review of the Warsaw Mechanism for Loss and Damage (WIM) at the 25th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP 25) in 2019 results in the full operationalisation of the WIM. This will be achieved by establishing a finance arm, with modalities for channelling and accessing loss and damage finance by the 2019 review from a clear menu of options developed by the WIM and the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF). We cannot lose more time in delaying meaningful discussions with the rapidly increasing and worsening climate change impacts that are being felt across the globe. CAN urges all countries to proactively and positively engage in these discussions.

The WIM Executive Committee (ExCom) and the SCF will need to undertake additional work over 2018 and 2019 to develop and discuss the concepts necessary to achieve this.  Ample focus must be given to this task, comparable to all other elements of their respective workplans.  It is essential for the Subsidiary Bodies and the COP to consider progress on loss and damage finance at each meeting.


CAN Position Paper on Forest and Land Restoration - Natural Ways of Limiting Temperature Rise to Below 1.5°C

CAN acknowledges and encourages the outstanding role of carbon sequestration in natural ecosystems in the struggle to limit global warming to 1.5o C, as enshrined in the Paris Agreement. CAN urges all governments to protect primary forests, halt deforestation and peatland degradation, and restore lost and degraded forests in a sustainable and participatory manner, while strengthening the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities. CAN believes that the global, rapid and deep decarbonisation required to meet the 1.5°C challenge must comprise both maximum emissions reductions in the energy and industry sectors as well as steep and ambitious efforts to store carbon in natural ecosystems.     


CAN Annual Policy Document: Pacific COP - Solidarity and Action to Realize the Promise of Paris, October 2017

At COP  23, Parties to the UNFCCC must realize the vision of Paris by making substantial progress on all agenda items under the Paris Agreement Work Programme. The development of a zero draft of the implementation guidelines, in form of a text, will be a key milestone to measure success. COP 23 must also lay the ground, in form of a roadmap, for a successful facilitative dialogue in 2018 to assess collective progress towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and indications of implications for revised NDCs.

Several elements will be necessary for creating the right conditions for enabling both immediate and longer-term action:

Raising Ambition to Avoid Increasing Impacts:

  • The Ambition Mechanism consists of three elements: a facilitative “Talanoa dialogue” in 2018 (FD2018), to assess collective progress against a 1.5°C pathway and to increase ambition thereafter, a second periodic review to translate science into policy, and a global stocktake to increase ambition every 5 years. Comprehensive progress must be made in the design of these elements at COP 23 to ensure they fulfil the potential for raising ambition that they embody.
  • Loss and Damage: CAN believes that the first Pacific COP is a unique opportunity for the WIM to fully implement its mandate. This includes generating and providing finance for loss and damage, including from innovative sources, adopting a stronger five-year workplan for the WIM than the one the ExCom approved in October, mandating the WIM and SCF to elaborate modalities for clear and transparent accounting of finance for loss and damage, and providing adequate finance to implement the mandate of the WIM.
  • Adaptation: Adaptation must be part of the ambition mechanism. In order to make that happen, clear guidelines for adaptation communications need to be adopted by 2018 and the Global Goal on Adaptation needs to be operationalized. A more comprehensive review of the institutional arrangements on adaptation, including National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), must also be initiated to determine if they are fit-for-purpose.
  • Agriculture: To enhance the implementation of the Paris Agreement and to identify and catalyze action to address gaps in knowledge, research, action and support, a joint SBSTA/SBI Work Programme on Agriculture and Food Security should be established by COP 23.

Support for Action to Enable Increased Ambition:

  • Finance: COP 23 should result in progress towards ramping up climate finance to US$100 billion a year by 2020 to be increased by 2025, progress in mobilizing private finance in developing countries, and improved transparency of finance mobilized and provided. The imbalance between mitigation and adaptation finance should also be recognized and lead to increased adaptation finance and confirmation that the Adaptation Fund will serve the Agreement.
  • Technology: The Technology Framework must ensure support for climate technology towards the goal of successfully implementing NDCs. To this end, the periodic assessment must include metrics and indicators that will enable countries to make informed choices and predict the needs of developing countries for transformational technologies.

Transparency of Action and Support:

  • Enhanced Transparency Framework: A core set of robust and enforceable guidelines that build on and enhance the existing systems of transparency, towards a common framework, is critical in driving ambition. The modalities, procedures and guidelines (MPGs) should ensure that accurate and sufficient qualitative and quantitative information on adaptation, finance, policies and measures, and projections are submitted by Parties.
    • Transparency of Action: MPGs must include transparency of mitigation and adaptation and should be broad enough to account for different NDC types towards providing up-to-date and relevant information to the global stocktake.
    • Transparency of Support: Key concepts of modalities for accounting climate finance must be identified at COP 23, including further guidance on how to report on non-financial support. Support should be provided to developing countries that will enable them to comply with common standards of the transparency framework.
    • Flexibility in the Transparency Framework: CAN encourages Parties to recognize flexibility in different ways for countries that need it while at the same time encourages Parties to make MPGs that could be implemented by all Parties that will ensure maximum levels of detail, accuracy, and comparability.
  • Accounting for Agriculture Forestry and other Land Use (AFOLU): CAN believes that it is essential that all Parties account for emissions and removals from AFOLU in all land use sectors in a comparable and transparent way using the methodologies provided in the 2006 IPCC Guidelines and NDC-consistent base years measured using agreed methodologies.
  • Accounting for International Transfers: CAN believes that any transfer of international units should help enhance ambition of NDCs. This can be done by ensuring that the guidelines for Article 6 avoid double counting and are in line with the goals of transparency, enhanced ambition, environmental integrity, human rights, and sustainable development.
  • Accounting for International Shipping and Aviation: Parties should urgently take action through national, bilateral, regional and multilateral measures to reduce transport emissions and ensure that the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) give adequate account of measures and efforts in the FD2018. Parties should also include information on bunker fuel burn and relevant transport work in their NDCs and ensure that the use of any mitigation outcomes guarantees environmental integrity and is not double counted.


Robustness of the Paris Agreement Now and Over Time:

  • Long-Term Strategies and Action Agenda: To encourage increased ambition and early adoption of low-carbon pathways, all countries should come forward with long-term strategies as soon as possible, following a fully participatory planning process with G20 countries leading the way and submitting well before 2020. Strategies should include countries’ planned peak years, the year they expect to achieve a balance of sources and sinks, and details of conditions or support needed. Limiting global warming to 1.5°C will require urgent, ramping up of pre-2020 action on mitigation, adaptation, and means of implementation.
  • Civil Society Participation: Fijian “talanoa” spirit should serve the Parties with a longer-term framework for fruitful and balanced deliberations. In particular, active civil society participation should be guaranteed during the FD2018 process, the development of guidelines for the global stocktake, the transparency framework, deliberations on Article 6 and in the development and implementation of long-term strategies.
  • Gender Action Plan and Indigenous People’s Platform: This year the Gender Action Plan should be adopted and the Local Communities and Indigenous People’s Platform should be made operational to ensure that those that may be victims of climate change are being empowered

CAN Briefing on Civil Society Engagement in Developing Long-Term Strategies, October 2017

The Paris Agreement calls for countries to formulate long-term low-GHG emission development strategies, in line with pursuing efforts to limit global temperature increase to 1.5ºC. Developing such long-term strategies gives countries a framework within which to consider both their climate change and sustainable development objectives together. The 2030 Agenda and national development goals enable countries to know what their development should look like. Developing a long-term strategy allows countries to set the benchmarks for safe emissions curbs to ascertain how this development should take place, within safe climate limits. Long-term planning also provides an opportunity to maximize socio-economic benefits, such as cleaner air and water, improved security for jobs and energy access, and better health.

If devised effectively, long-term strategies can identify opportunities and challenges for sustainable development, open a space for democratic consultation on these implications, and secure a just transition for workers and communities that currently depend on a fossil-based economy. Civil society engagement will be essential in every step of the process to maximize effectiveness and ensure full implementation.

Decision 17/CP.22 paragraph 2 ‘encourages Parties to continue to promote the systematic integration of gender-sensitive and participatory education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information [...] into the formulation of long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies.’ Not only is greater participation good for reasons of transparency and inclusiveness, but civil society participation has been proven to result in better policy-making, effective and sustainable implementation as well as robust accountability.

This CAN Briefing identifies several benefits of civil society engagement in the process of developing long-term strategies and provides key recommendations on how governments can carry out effective engagement for long-term gains.



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